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Bacterial diversity and its relationship to growth performance of broilers

  • Bae, Yeonji (Veterinary Medical Center and College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Koo, Bonsang (Veterinary Medical Center and College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Seungbaek (Veterinary Medical Center and College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Mo, Jongsuk (Veterinary Medical Center and College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Oh, Kwanghyun (Veterinary Medical Center and College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Mo, In Pil (Veterinary Medical Center and College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University)
  • Received : 2017.06.07
  • Accepted : 2017.08.22
  • Published : 2017.09.30

Abstract

The microbial community is known to have a key role during the rearing period of broilers. In this study, gut microbial composition and diversity were examined to evaluate the relationships between these factors and broiler growth performance. By applying 454-pyrosequencing of the V1-V3 regions of bacterial 16S rRNA genes, six fecal samples from four- and 28-day-old chickens from three broiler farms and 24 intestinal samples of broilers with heavy and light body weights were analyzed. Microbial composition assessment revealed Firmicutes to be the most prevalent phylum at farm A, while Proteobacteria were predominant at farms B and C. Fecal microbial richness and diversity indices gradually increased from four to 28 days at all three farms. Microbial diversity assessment revealed that small intestine microbial diversity was lower in heavy birds than in light birds. In light birds, the Firmicutes proportion was lower than that in heavy birds. In conclusion, each broiler farm revealed a specific microbial profile which varied with the age of the birds. The microbial communities appeared to affect growth performance; therefore, gut microbial profiles can be utilized to monitor growth performance at broiler farms.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Institute of Planning and Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (IPET)

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