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Malnutritional Status and It's Related Factors of Demented Elderly in Long-term Care Facilities

시설 치매노인의 영양불량 상태 영향요인

  • Received : 2017.06.08
  • Accepted : 2017.08.03
  • Published : 2017.09.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze factors affecting malnutritional status of elders with dementia in facilities. The subjects were 140 elders with dementia residing in three nursing facilities in Chungnam, South Korea. Data were collected from May 30 to September 30 in 2016, using questionnaires. The collected data were tested by t-test, ANOVA, correlation, regression analysis. The malnutritional status of elders with dementia in facilities was high in the high-risk group (84, 60.0%), and the nutritional status was appeared to be related to sex, long-term care grade, Korean version-Activities of Daily Living and feeding difficulty and cognitive function. As a result of multiple regression analysis, significant influence variables on malnutritional status were Activities of Daily Living(${\beta}=0.379$, p=.001), feeding difficulty(${\beta}=0.264$, p=.001), cognitive function(${\beta}=-0.187$, p=.014) and these variables showed an explanatory power of 35.9% on malnutritional status. The results of this study are expected to be used as basic data for the development of malnutritional status improvement program for elders in facilities with dementia.

Keywords

Dementia;K-ADL;Feeding Difficulty;Cognitive Function;Malnutritional Status

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