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A Study on the Understanding about Nature of Scientific Knowledge and Attitude toward Scientific Inquiry of Pre-service Science Teacher through Open Inquiry

개방형 탐구를 경험한 예비과학교사의 과학 지식의 본성에 대한 이해와 과학 탐구에 대한 태도 변화

  • Received : 2017.05.01
  • Accepted : 2017.08.16
  • Published : 2017.10.20

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the understanding of nature of scientific knowledge and attitudes toward scientific inquiry of pre-service science teachers experienced open inquiry. The study was conducted in 10 sessions of open inquiry-based chemistry experiment. The subjects were 40 pre-service science teachers recruited from the experiment class. They received pre-test, mid-test, post-test on understanding nature of scientific knowledge and attitudes toward scientific inquiry of open inquiry activities. 20 pre-service science teachers among them participated in the interview. The results of this study are as follows. First, there was a significant difference in pre-service science teachers' understanding of the nature of the scientific knowledge (p<.05). In particular, understanding of creativity and sociality parts improved gradually. Second, pre-service science teachers' attitude toward scientific inquiry had changed negatively until the middle of the semester, and then changed positively later. The post-test score was significantly higher than the mid-test score (p<.05).

Keywords

Scientific inquiry;Open inquiry;Inquiry-based chemistry lab;Pre-service science teacher

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