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Comparing the susceptibilities of green peach aphid populations against several insecticides

  • Min, Ji-Hyun (Department of Agricultural Biology, Graduate School, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yoon, Heon (Department of Agricultural Biology, Graduate School, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kwon, Hay-Ri (Department of Agricultural Biology, Graduate School, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yu, Yong-Man (Department of Agricultural Biology, Graduate School, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Youn, Young-Nam (Department of Agricultural Biology, Graduate School, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2017.05.30
  • Accepted : 2017.06.22
  • Published : 2017.09.30

Abstract

The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae, is one of the most serious insect pest and a vector for a multitude of viral diseases to many crops, vegetables, ornamentals, and fruit trees in the world. A large number of aphids can reduce plant vigor and cause defoliation. Many insecticides have been developed and applied to control the green peach aphid. However, this aphid has displayed a remarkable ability to establish resistance to almost every insecticide. We treated 5 different insecticides registered for M. persicae on pepper leaves and investigated the effects of the insecticides by measuring the time it took to achieve 90% control of the aphids. Acetamiprid worked faster than any other insecticides while cyantraniliprole showed the slowest insecticidal effect. Pymetrozine, pyrifluquinazon, and spirotetramet provided 90% control within similar time. Iwol population's control value was higher than any other populations 24 hours after treatment. When five different unregistered insecticides for M. persicae were treated on pepper leaves, no insecticidal effect was found for gamma-cyhalothrin and novaluron and spinosad showed an insecticidal effect of up to 70% in Iwol population only. Although chlorfenapyr and dinotefuran were not registered for M. persicae, their insecticidal effects were found to be 90% or higher.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 충남대학교

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