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Milling characteristics of cutting-type rice milling machine according to the rotating speed of the main shaft

  • Cho, Byeong-Hyo (Department of Biosystems Engineering, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Han, Chung-Su (Department of Biosystems Engineering, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kang, Tae-Hwan (Major in Bio-Industry Mechanical Engineering, Kongju National University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Il (Department of Biosystems Engineering, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Won, Jin-Ho (Department of Biosystems Engineering, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Hee-Sook (Department of Consumer Studies, Chungbuk National University)
  • Received : 2017.07.15
  • Accepted : 2017.09.07
  • Published : 2017.09.30

Abstract

This study aimed to identify milling characteristics depending on the rotating speed of the main shaft of the cutting-type rice milling machine which can minimize the conventional milling process. Brown rice, which was produced in Gunsan-si, Jeollabuk-do, Republic of Korea, in 2016, was used as the experimental material. The milling characteristics of white rice were measured under four different rotating speeds of main shaft: 950 - 1,050 rpm, 1,000 - 1,100 rpm, 1,050 - 1,150 rpm, and 1,100 - 1,160 rpm. For each shaft speed, 300 kg of brown rice was processed, and the milling characteristics were measured according to the whiteness, grain temperature, cracked rice ratio, broken rice ratio, turbidity, and energy consumption. The whiteness of rice grain was found to be consistent at around $40{\pm}0.5$ only when milled at the shaft speed of 950 - 1,050 or 1,000 - 1,100 rpm. The grain temperature during the milling process increased by 11.35 to $11.85^{\circ}C$, showing little differences amongst shaft speeds. The cracked rice ratio increased by 8.2 to 10.4% at all conditions. The broken rice ratio ranged from 0.58 to 0.76%, reflecting a low level. The turbidity after milling was 54.8 ppm when milled at 1,000 - 1,100 rpm. Energy consumption of 12.98 and 12.18 kWh/ton were recorded at the shaft speed of 1,000 - 1,100 and 1,050 - 1,150 rpm, respectively. The result of this study indicates that the optimal rotating speed of main shaft would be 1,000 - 1,100 rpm for a cutting-type rice milling machine.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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