DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Ways of reducing the perception gap between rural residents and urban-to-rural migrants: focus on the area of Hongseong-gun

  • Han, Gabone (Institute of Livestock Environmental Management) ;
  • Yeo, Minsu (Department of Agricultural Economics, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Hong, Seungjee (Department of Agricultural Economics, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2017.08.01
  • Accepted : 2017.09.07
  • Published : 2017.09.30

Abstract

With the increasing number of migrants from urban to rural areas in Korea, Population inflow policies have helped increase the number of urban-to-rural migrants which has eased the labor shortage in rural areas.. But, there are new problems in rural areas caused by the "perception gap in regard to harmony, awareness, pride and opportunity to meet" between the urban-to-rural migrants and the original residents. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors affecting the harmony between the urban-to-rural migrants and residents. A survey was conducted among 70 people living in Hongseong-gun in Chungcheongnam-do with an aim to come up with proposals for policies that can help resolve these social problems in the mutual understanding of urban-to-rural migrants and original residents. An ordered logit model was used to analyze the effect of the perception gap between the urban-to-rural migrants and the rural residents. The result of the survey showed that most of the urban-to-rural migrants believed that the increase in urban-to-rural migrants did not bring harmony to rural areas because of the perception gap. Based on these results, we concluded that the following three policy alternatives would be needed: first, development of urban-to-rural migrant education programs for relatively young men; second, a policy supporting various forms of community gathering in a rural society; third, diversification of urban-to-rural migrant education programs such as communication program and conflict management program, etc.

References

  1. Cho YJ, Cho EJ. 2013. An analysis on the actual state of the settlement and the community of people returning to rural areas. Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning 19:191-202. [in Korean] https://doi.org/10.7851/ksrp.2013.19.4.191
  2. Hwang JI, Choi YJ, Hyeon MC, Yoon SD. 2011. Rural migrants' community participation and relationship with rural life satisfaction. Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development 18:729-764. [in Korean]
  3. Kim JH. 1998. A study on the socio-economic effects of u-turn migration in rural area. Korean Journal of Agricultural Science 25:138-147. [in Korean]
  4. KOSIS (Korea Statistical Information Service). Accessed in http://kosis.kr/statHtml/statHtml.do?orgId=101&tblId=DT_1A02003&conn_path=I3 on 1 July 2017. [in Korean]
  5. KREI (Korea Rural Economic Institute). 2017. The effects of urban-to-rural migrants on rural area. 88pp. [in Korean]
  6. Lee SH. 2008. Analysis of satisfaction of returns to the farm with the region society and regional dwellers in the Gyeongbuk province. Korean Journal of Agricultural Management and Policy 35:551-565. [in Korean]
  7. Lee SW, Min SH, Park JY, Yoon SD. 2005. The practice on logit & probit model. Parkyoungsa, Seoul, Korea. [in Korean]
  8. Ma SJ, Nam KC, Choi YJ. 2016. Urban-to-rural migrants' intention of returning to urban area and its related variables. Journal of Rural Sociological Society 26:37-63. [in Korean]
  9. MAFRA (Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affair). 2011. A study on settlement of urban-to-rural migrants and development plans for rural community. 233pp. [in Korean]
  10. MAFRA (Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affair). 2017. 2016 Survey on urban-to-rural. [in Korean]
  11. Park DS. 2016. Analysis on the factors influencing rural residents' attitude toward urban-to-rural migrants. Journal of Rural Sociological Society 26:7-35. [in Korean]
  12. Seo JW, Kim YH. 2016. An analysis of the relationship between farming capability of farmers and farm household income. Korean Journal of Agricultural Science 43:127-135. [in Korean] https://doi.org/10.7744/kjoas.20160015