Analysis of Binding Media Used in Mural Painting of Temple Wall by Pyrolysis/GC/MS and IR

열분해/GC/MS와 IR을 이용한 사찰 벽화 시편 교착제 분석

  • Park, Jongseo (Cultural Heritage Conservation Science Center, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Lee, Jeong Won (Conservation Science Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage)
  • 박종서 (국립문화재연구소 문화재보존과학센터) ;
  • 이정원 (국립문화재연구소 보존과학연구실)
  • Received : 2017.07.21
  • Accepted : 2017.09.07
  • Published : 2017.10.20


A mural was discovered in the Ssanggyesa temple located in Jindo island, during repair of the Daeungjeon Hall. A study was conducted to determine the binding medium used for preparing the mural. Pyrolysis/GC/MS and IR spectrometry were used to analyze a painting specimen. Direct approach and on-line methylation approach were attempted for the pyrolysis/GC/MS. In IR analysis, the spectra of the specimen were found to be different from those of Asian lacquer, yellow lacquer, animal glue, and acrylic emulsion resin. They were also not identical to the standard IR spectra of drying oils such as linseed oil. Pyrolysis/GC/MS results of the specimen were different from those of Asian lacquer, yellow lacquer, animal glue, and acrylic emulsion resin. In the mean time, palmitic acid, octadecanoic acid, nonanedioic acid, and octadecenoic acid, which are characteristic pyrolysis products of dried drying oil, were detected. In addition, the pyrolysis/GC/MS chromatograms of the specimen and dried drying oil were also very similar. Therefore, it was concluded that the painting was prepared using drying oil as a binding medium.


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