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Effect of oil particle size on dispersion stability in oil in water emulsion

Oil in Water 에멀전에서 오일 입자 크기가 분산 안정성에 미치는 영향

  • Hwangbo, Sunae (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Chu, Minchul (Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science) ;
  • Moon, Changkwan (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pukyong National University)
  • 황보선애 (부경대학교 재료공학과) ;
  • 추민철 (한국표준과학연구원 신기능재료표준센터) ;
  • 문창권 (부경대학교 재료공학과)
  • Received : 2017.07.10
  • Accepted : 2017.09.06
  • Published : 2017.09.30

Abstract

In this paper, we proposed an emulsification method without using an emulsifier and investigated the effects of particle size distribution in fluids on dispersion stability. Surfactant-free oil in water emulsion was prepared with 1 % (w/w) of olive oil by using high speed agitation, high pressure and ultrasonic dispersion methods. The particle size, microscopic observation, and dispersion stability of each sample were evaluated and dispersion stability according to various dispersion methods was compared. As a result, the emulsion dispersed by the ultrasonic dispersion method showed the smallest particle size and uniform distribution of $0.07{\sim} 0.3{\mu}m$ and was the most stable in a 7 days stability evaluation. In the above experiment, four olive oil emulsions having different particle sizes were prepared using ultrasonic dispersion technology that was capable of producing stable emulsions. The dispersion stability of each samples with oil droplet sizes of (A) 0.1 to $0.5{\mu}m$, (B) 0.3 to $4{\mu}m$, (C) 1 to $10.5{\mu}m$ and (D) 2 to $120{\mu}m$, was observed for 7 days, and the relationship between the stability and performance was studied. Emulsion (A) with particle size less than $0.5{\mu}m$ displayed the dispersion stability showing below 5 % change in a 7 days stability evaluation. In the case of (B), (C), and (D) that had larger particle than $0.5{\mu}m$, the changes of dispersion stability were 10 %, 13 % and 35 % respectively. From these results, it was proved that dispersion stability of emulsion with uniform particle size of $0.5{\mu}m$ or less was confirmed to be very stable.

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