DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Evaluation of mango saponin in broilers: effects on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and plasma biochemical indices

  • Zhang, Y.N. (Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Wang, J. (Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Qi, B. (Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Wu, S.G. (Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Chen, H.R. (Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Luo, H.Y. (Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Yin, D.J. (Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Lu, F.J. (Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Zhang, H.J. (Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Qi, G.H. (Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences)
  • Received : 2016.11.03
  • Accepted : 2016.12.26
  • Published : 2017.08.01

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the present study was to determine whether mango saponin (MS) could be used as a feed additive in broiler chicks by evaluating growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and plasma biochemical indices. Methods: A total of 216 1-d-old Arbor Acres male broiler chicks were randomly assigned into three dietary treatments supplemented with 0 (control), 0.14% (MS 0.14%), or 0.28% (MS 0.28%) MS. Each treatment had six replicates (cages) with 12 chicks each. The feeding trial lasted for six weeks. Results: Compared with the control, dietary supplemented with 0.14% or 0.28% MS increased average daily weight gain of chicks in the grower (22 to 42 d) and the whole (1 to 42 d) phases, and the final body weight of chicks on d 42 was higher in MS supplemented groups (p<0.05). Lower $L_{45min}{^{\star}}$ (lightness) and $L_{24h}{^{\star}}$ values, lower $b_{24h}{^{\star}}$ (yellowness) value, and higher $a_{45min}{^{\star}}$ (redness) and $a_{24h}{^{\star}}$ values of the breast muscle were observed in chicks fed with 0.28% MS on d 42 (p<0.05). The total antioxidant capacity in plasma increased in MS 0.14% group on d 21 (p<0.001). Lower contents of plasma total cholesterol and triglyceride were observed in chicks fed with 0.28% MS on d 21 and d 42, whereas the group supplemented with 0.14% MS only decreased plasma triglyceride content on d 21 (p<0.05). The glucose content in plasma decreased in MS 0.28% group on d 42 (p<0.001). Conclusion: Overall, MS could be used as a feed additive in broiler chicks, and the supplemental level of 0.28% MS in diet could improve growth performance, meat quality, and plasma lipid metabolism in broiler chicks.

Keywords

Mango Saponin;Growth Performance;Meat Quality;Plasma Biochemical Index;Broiler Chick

References

  1. Attia YA, Al-Harthi MA. Turmeric (Curcuma longa Linn.) as a phytogenic growth promoter alternative for antibiotic and comparable to mannan oligosaccharides for broiler chicks. Rev Mex Cienc Pecu 2017;8:11-21.
  2. Karaskova K, Suchý P, Strakova E. Current use of phytogenic feed additives in animal nutrition: a review. Czech J Anim Sci 2015;60:521-30.
  3. Orwa C, Mutua A, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, Simons A. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. Nairobi, Kenya: The World Agroforestry Centre; 2009.
  4. Sanon HO, Kanwe AB, Millogo A, Ledin I. Chemical composition, digestibility, and voluntary feed intake of mango residues by sheep. Trop Anim Health Prod 2013;45:665-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-012-0275-1
  5. Diarra SS. Potential of mango (Mangifera indica L.) seed kernel as a feed ingredient for poultry: a review. Worlds Poult Sci J 2014;70:279-88. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933914000294
  6. Kanwal Q, Hussain I, Latif SH, Javaid A. Antifungal activity of flavonoids isolated from mango (Mangifera indica L.) leaves. Nat Prod Res 2010;24:1907-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2010.488628
  7. Fernandez-Ponce MT, Casas L, Mantell C, Ossa EMDL. Use of high pressure techniques to produce Mangifera indica L. leaf extracts enriched in potent antioxidant phenolic compounds. Innov Food Sci Emerg Technol 2015;29:94-106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifset.2015.04.006
  8. Pereira CG, Meireles MAA. Evaluation of global yield, composition, antioxidant activity and cost of manufacturing of extracts from lemon verbena (Aloysia triphylla [L'herit.] Britton) and mango (Mangifera indica L.) leaves. J Food Process Eng 2007;30:150-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4530.2007.00100.x
  9. Islam MR, Mannan MA, Kabir MHB, et al. Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects of ethanol extracts of mango leaves. J Bangladesh Agric Univ 2010;8:239-44.
  10. Masibo M, He Q. Major mango polyphenols and their potential significance to human health. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 2008;7:309-19. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-4337.2008.00047.x
  11. Pardo-Andreu GL, Barrios MF, Curti C, et al. Protective effects of Mangifera indica L extract (Vimang), and its major component mangiferin, on iron-induced oxidative damage to rat serum and liver. Pharmacol Res 2008;57:79-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2007.12.004
  12. Andreu GP, Delgado R, Velho J, et al. Mangifera indica L. extract (Vimang) inhibits Fe2+-citrate-induced lipoperoxidation in isolated rat liver mitochondria. Pharmacol Res 2005;51:427-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2004.11.002
  13. Skerget M, Kotnik P, Hadolin M, et al. Phenols, proanthocyanidins, flavones and flavonols in some plant materials and their antioxidant activities. Food Chem 2005;89:191-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.02.025
  14. Bhatia G, Khanna AK, Sonkar R, et al. Lipid lowering and antioxidant activity of flavones in triton treated hyperlipidemic rats. Med Chem Res 2011;20:1622-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00044-010-9444-9
  15. Lv XW, Hao Q, Chen YZ, et al. Mango extractum additive promoting fish growth. Trans Chinese Soc Agric Eng 2013;29:277-83.
  16. Duncan DB. Multiple range tests for correlated and heteroscedastic means. Biometrics 1957;13:164-76. https://doi.org/10.2307/2527799
  17. Garcia D, Leiro J, Delgado R, Sanmartin ML, Ubeira FM. Mangifera indica L. extract (Vimang) and mangiferin modulate mouse humoral immune responses. Phytother Res 2003;17:1182-7. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.1338
  18. Garrido G, Gonzalez D, Lemus Y, et al. In vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of Mangifera indica L. extract (Vimang). Pharmacol Res 2004;50:143-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2003.12.003
  19. Li XK, Wang JZ, Wang CQ, et al. Effect of dietary phosphorus levels on meat quality and lipid metabolism in broiler chickens. Food Chem 2016;205:289-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.02.133
  20. Hocquette JF, Ortigues-Marty I, Pethick D, Herpin P, Fernandez X. Nutritional and hormonal regulation of energy metabolism in skeletal muscles of meat-producing animals. Livest Prod Sci 1998;56:115-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(98)00187-0
  21. Zhang Y, Liu X, Han L, et al. Regulation of lipid and glucose homeostasis by mango tree leaf extract is mediated by AMPK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways. Food Chem 2013;141:2896-905. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.05.121
  22. Delles RM, Xiong YL, True AD, Ao TY, Dawson KA. Dietary antioxidant supplementation enhances lipid and protein oxidative stability of chicken broiler meat through promotion of antioxidant enzyme activity. Poult Sci 2014;93:1561-70. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2013-03682
  23. Leiro JM, Alvarez E, Arranz JA, Siso IG, Orallo F. In vitro effects of mangiferin on superoxide concentrations and expression of the inducible nitric oxide synthase, tumour necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ and transforming growth factor-${\beta}$ genes. Biochem Pharmacol 2003;65:1361-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-2952(03)00041-8
  24. Deng JG, Qin JP, Wang Q, et al. Study on mango leaf and mangiferin. The 1st International Symposium on Screening Functional Components of Agricultural Residues and the Study on Mangiferin; 2009 Oct 23-25: Baise, Guangxi, China. 2009. pp. 63.
  25. Michiels J, Tagliabue MM, Akbarian A, Ovyn A, De Smet S. Oxidative status, meat quality and fatty acid profile of broiler chickens reared under free-range and severely feed-restricted conditions compared with conventional indoor rearing. Avian Biol Res 2014;7:74-82. https://doi.org/10.3184/175815514X13950522688554
  26. Alvarenga RR, Zangeronimo MG, Pereira LJ, Rodrigues PB, Gomide EM. Lipoprotein metabolism in poultry. Worlds Poult Sci J 2011;67:431-40. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933911000481
  27. Durand D, Scislowski V, Gruffat D, et al. High-fat rations and lipid peroxidation in ruminants: consequences on the health of animals and quality of their products. Indicators of milk and beef quality. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2005. pp. 137-50.
  28. Muruganandan S, Srinivasan K, Gupta S, Gupta PK, Lal J. Effect of mangiferin on hyperglycemia and atherogenicity in streptozotocin diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol 2005;97:497-501. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.12.010
  29. Nair PS, Devi CSS. Efficacy of mangiferin on serum and heart tissue lipids in rats subjected to isoproterenol induced cardiotoxicity. Toxicology 2006;228:135-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2006.08.030
  30. Cao FL, Zhang XH, Yu WW, Zhao LG, Wang T. Effect of feeding fermented Ginko biloba leaves on growth performance, meat quality, and lipid metabolism in broilers. Poult Sci 2012;91:1210-21. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2011-01886
  31. West HJ. Effect on liver function of acetonaemia and the fat cow syndrome in cattle. Res Vet Sci 1990;48:221-7.
  32. Attia YA, Al-Harthi MA. Nigella seed oil as an alternative to antibiotic growth promoters for broiler chickens. Europ Poult Sci 2015;79:1-12.