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Replacing groundnut cake with gluten meals of rice and maize in diets for growing Sahiwal cattle

  • Malik, Tariq A. (Animal Nutrition Division, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University)) ;
  • Thakur, S.S. (Animal Nutrition Division, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University)) ;
  • Mahesh, M.S. (Animal Nutrition Division, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University)) ;
  • Yogi, R.K. (Animal Nutrition Division, ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University))
  • Received : 2017.02.08
  • Accepted : 2017.03.31
  • Published : 2017.10.01

Abstract

Objective: This experiment investigated the effect of isonitrogenous replacement of groundnut cake (GNC) by rice gluten meal (RGM) and maize gluten meal (MGM) at 75% level on nutrient intake, apparent digestibility, growth performance and related blood constituents in growing Sahiwal cattle. Methods: Eighteen Sahiwal calves were divided into three groups, based on average body weight (87.24 kg) and age (6 to 12 mo), and treatments were assigned to the different groups randomly. The first group (GP-I) was kept as control and received GNC-based concentrate mixture. In second (GP-II) and third (GP-III) groups, 750 g/kg nitrogen (N) of GNC was substituted by RGM and MGM respectively, with similar forage:concentrate ratio (56:44). Results: The 90 days of experimental feeding revealed that intake of dry matter, crude protein and digestibility coefficients for all nutrients did not differ among groups. Furthermore, although N balance was greater ($p{\leq}0.05$) for GP-III than GP-I and GP-II, average daily gain was similar between GP-I and GP-II but greater ($p{\leq}0.05$) for GP-III. In addition, feed efficiency and related haematological variables did not differ due to treatments. Conclusion: Nutritional worth of GNC and RGM was highly comparable in terms of intake, digestibility and growth in growing calves. However, MGM was found to be more efficacious in improving growth rate than RGM at 75% replacement level of GNC protein.

Keywords

By-products;Gluten Meals;Nitrogen Metabolism;Nutrient Utilisation;Protein Feeding;Zebu Cattle

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