The Development of Composition Model for Engineering Education Program of Elementary and Secondary School

초·중등 공학교육 프로그램 구성 모형 개발

  • Kim, Young-min (Global Institute for Talented Education, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Ki-soo (Department of Technology Education, Chungnam National University)
  • 김영민 (한국과학기술원 과학영재교육연구원) ;
  • 김기수 (충남대학교 기술교육과)
  • Received : 2017.06.12
  • Accepted : 2017.07.31
  • Published : 2017.07.31


The purpose of this study is to provide basic data and guideline to STEM(Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) educators who prepare engineering education in elementary and secondary school. For this, this study develops a composition model for engineering education program of elementary and secondary school. To do this, a literature research, experts interview and Delphi survey were conducted. Through the literature research, we extracted the components of model for engineering education program of elementary and secondary school and then made a first draft of the model. The draft was revised by experts while Delphi survey was used to validate the model based on Delphi panels' opinions. The panels for the Delphi survey consisted of 51 experts in the STEM education field. The survey was conducted three different times and importance survey was included in the third stage. The conclusions of this study were as follows: First, the model consist of definition, 4 directions, 4 characteristics, 3 educational goals according to school level, educational contents area and element, teaching and learning method and evaluation method. The educational contents area and element consist of 2 major areas, 7 areas and 18 elements. Second, all components of the developed model were valid in most of the statistics such as mean, standard deviation, the degree of consensus and convergence, and CVR(Content Validity Ratio). Third, importance for education contents area and element according to the school level are analyzed.


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