The Role of Amenity in Determining Residential Preference of Creative Workers

도시 어메니티가 창의인력 거주지 결정에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2017.07.27
  • Accepted : 2017.09.13
  • Published : 2017.11.28


Opening of a new economic paradigm in the transition to the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the human capital engaged in industry or occupation based on individual creativity is called creative workers. The workers of this kind regards 'quality of place', known as amenity, as an important factor in choosing a residential area. This paper analyzes how the effect of city amenity influences on residential preference of creative workers in comparison with production workers. First, as of 2014, the total number of creative workers are 5.73 million (23.2% of the total workforce), and more than half (58.6%) are concentrated in Seoul and Gyeonggi area. Second, the excess residence rate of the creative workers (number of residents/number of jobs) is high in metropolitan areas. Third, when comparing with workers in productions sector, the selection of residence location for creative workers are significantly influenced by certain city amenities such as education. The outcome of analysis is expect to be utilized as a preliminary work for making policies which promotes number of creative workers at the regional level.


Creative Workers;Amenities;Residentia Preference;Excess Residence Rate


  1. ESPON, Territorial Dynamics in Europe The Creative Workforce, EU Territorial Observation, No.5, pp.18-20, 2011.
  2. K. Stolarick and E. Currid-Halkett, "Creativity and the crisis: The impact of creative workers on regional unemployment," Cities, No.33, pp.5-14, 2012.
  3. 김현우, 지역의 창의인력 현황 및 성장 요인, KIET산업경제, pp.33-42, 2016(8).
  4. R. Florida, The rise of the creative class-and how it is transforming leisure, community and everyday life, New York: Basic Books, 2002.
  5. E. Glaeser, J. Kolko, and A. Saiz, "Consumer City," Discussion Paper, No.1901, pp.1-26, 2001.
  6. T. Clark, R. Lloyd, K. Wong, and P. Jain, "Amenities drvie urban growth: A new paradigm and policy linkages," Elsevier Ltd, Vol.9, pp.291-322, 2003.
  7. D. McGranahan, T. Wojan, and D. Lambert, The rural growth trifecta: outdoor amenities, creative class and entrepreneurial context, Oxford University, 2010
  8. 홍성조, 김용진, 안건혁, "서울시 소형가구의 주거이동 패턴과 유입요인에 관한 연구," 도시설계, 제12권, 제4호, pp.51-62, 2011.
  9. 강병수, "지역어메니티와 주거이전과의 관련성에 관한 연구," 도시행정학보, 제27권, 제1호, pp.193-214, 2014.
  10. 김은란, 박경현, 정소양, 창조산업.창조계층 입지특성과 도시경쟁력, 국토정책Brief, No.528, 국토연구원, 2015.
  11. 최유진, "도시어메니티의 지역경제 활성화 효과 분석," 지방정부연구, 제20권, 제4호, pp.299-324, 2017.
  12. R. Florida, Cities and the creative class, London: Routledge, 2004.
  13. 김영수, 김현우, 창의인력과 창의일자리의 지역별 입지 및 성장 특성 분석, ISSUE PAPER 2015-372, 산업연구원, pp.31-143, 2015.
  14. 김영수, 창의계층의 산업별.지역별 추이와 정책적 시사점, KIET산업경제, 산업연구원, pp.59-73, 2013(11).
  15. 김선희, 차미숙, 김현식, 이문원, 윤윤정, 미래 삶의 질 개선을 위한 국토 어메니티 발굴과 창출전략 연구, 연구보고서 2007-28-1, 국토연구원, pp.9-11, 2007.
  16. 허재완, 고영구, 현대지역경재론, 커뮤니케이션북스, 2015.