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Antioxidative and digestion enzyme inhibitory activity of Ganoderma lucidum depends on the extraction solvent

추출용매에 따른 영지버섯(Ganoderma lucidum)의 항산화 및 소화효소 저해활성

  • Joo, Ok Soo (Department of Food Science, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Hwang, Chung Eun (Department of Food Science, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Hong, Su Young (Food Science Research Institute, Kolmar BNH Inc) ;
  • Sin, Eui Cheol (Department of Food Science, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Nam, Sang Hae (Department of Food Science, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Cho, Kye Man (Department of Food Science, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology)
  • 주옥수 (경남과학기술대학교 식품과학부) ;
  • 황정은 (경남과학기술대학교 식품과학부) ;
  • 홍수영 (콜마비앤에이치(주) 식품과학연구소) ;
  • 신의철 (경남과학기술대학교 식품과학부) ;
  • 남상해 (경남과학기술대학교 식품과학부) ;
  • 조계만 (경남과학기술대학교 식품과학부)
  • Received : 2018.01.31
  • Accepted : 2018.02.20
  • Published : 2018.02.28

Abstract

This study investigated the nutritional properties and biological activities of Ganoderma lucidum (GL). The round type of GL contained higher carbohydrate content, while the Nokgak type of GL contained higher crude ash, crude fat, and crude protein content. The most abundant amino acid, fatty acid, mineral, and soluble vitamin observed were valine (round type: 11.90 mg/g and Nokgak type: 17.18 mg/g), linoleic acid (round type: 47.56% and Nokgak type: 75.68%), potassium (round type: 116.50 mg/100 g and Nokgak type: 184.36 mg/100 g), and vitamin B3 (round type: 1.78 mg/100 g and Nokgak type: 1.81 mg/100 g), respectively. In addition, the ${\beta}$-glucan content were 34.15 g/100 g (round type) and 30.07 g/100 g (Nokgak type). The GL 70% ethanol extract at $40^{\circ}C$ showed higher radical scavenging as well as carbohydrate and lipid enzyme inhibition than other conditions. At 1 mg/mL of treatment with the 70% ethanol extract at $40^{\circ}C$ of round type GL, the DPPH, ABTS, hydroxyl radical scavenging, and ${\alpha}$-glucosidase, ${\alpha}$-amylase, and pancreatic lipase inhibition activities obtained were approximately 92.85, 99.74, 58.09, 89.68, 44.68, and 67.56%, respectively.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림축산식품부

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