- Volume 18 Issue 1
The current study challenges to suggest an umbrella strategy applied to different type of crisis, which is different from normative principle in crisis communication. The umbrella or comprehensive strategy in this study is identification framing. Identification framing is strategic message for organizational identification, which is close to social identification. The current study employed experimental design manipulating crisis types, crisis response types, and identification framing. The crisis types were internal versus external crisis, crisis responses were denial versus apology, and using identification framing
Identification Framing;Crisis Communication;Crisis Response Strategy;Crisis Type
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