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The identification of novel regions for reproduction trait in Landrace and Large White pigs using a single step genome-wide association study

  • Suwannasing, Rattikan (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Duangjinda, Monchai (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Boonkum, Wuttigrai (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Taharnklaew, Rutjawate (Research and Development Center Betagro Group) ;
  • Tuangsithtanon, Komson (Betagro Hybrid International Company Limited,)
  • Received : 2018.01.18
  • Accepted : 2018.05.15
  • Published : 2018.12.01

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate a single step genome-wide association study (ssGWAS) for identifying genomic regions affecting reproductive traits in Landrace and Large White pigs. Methods: The traits included the number of pigs weaned per sow per year (PWSY), the number of litters per sow per year (LSY), pigs weaned per litters (PWL), born alive per litters (BAL), non-productive day (NPD) and wean to conception interval per litters (W2CL). A total of 321 animals (140 Landrace and 181 Large White pigs) were genotyped with the Illumina Porcine SNP 60k BeadChip, containing 61,177 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), while multiple traits single-step genomic BLUP method was used to calculate variances of 5 SNP windows for 11,048 Landrace and 13,985 Large White data records. Results: The outcome of ssGWAS on the reproductive traits identified twenty-five and twenty-two SNPs associated with reproductive traits in Landrace and Large White, respectively. Three known genes were identified to be candidate genes in Landrace pigs including retinol binding protein 7, and ubiquitination factor E4B genes for PWL, BAL, W2CL, and PWSY and one gene, solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 6A1, for LSY and NPD. Meanwhile, five genes were identified to be candidate genes in Large White, two of which, aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A3 and leucine rich repeat kinase 1, associated with all of six reproduction traits and three genes; retrotransposon Gag like 4, transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily C member 5, and LHFPL tetraspan subfamily member 1 for five traits except W2CL. Conclusion: The genomic regions identified in this study provided a start-up point for marker assisted selection and estimating genomic breeding values for improving reproductive traits in commercial pig populations.

Keywords

Genomics;Single Step Genome-wide Association Study (ssGWAS);Candidate Genes;Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs);Swine

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