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The Relationships between Particulate Matter Risk Perception, Knowledge, and Health Promoting Behaviors among College Students

대학생의 미세먼지 위험에 대한 인식, 지식, 관리행위에 대한 지각된 장애와 건강 관리행위의 관계

  • Received : 2018.01.23
  • Accepted : 2018.02.12
  • Published : 2018.02.28

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the relationships between particulate matter risk perception, knowledge, and perceived barriers and health-promoting behaviors among college students. Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study were collected from September 1 to 30, 2017. The study sample consisted of 85 students from a university, Seoul. Students not living in the Seoul metropolitan area during the spring 2017 semester were excluded from participation. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to identify relationships among study variables. Results: A significant positive correlation existed between particulate matter risk perception and health-promoting behaviors related to particulate matter (r= .51, p< .001). Among the risk perception subdomains, attention (r= .47, p< .001) and health effect (r= .55, p< .001) showed strong positive relationships with health-promoting behaviors. No significant relationships were found between knowledge (r= .12, p= .288) or perceived barriers (r= -.12, p= .264) and health-promoting behaviors related to particulate matter. Conclusion: Based on the study results, strategies for enhancing particulate matter risk perception are needed to increase the level of health-promoting behaviors related to particulate matter among college students.

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