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Effect of Biostimulator Chlorella fusca on Improving Growth and Qualities of Chinese Chives and Spinach in Organic Farm

  • Kim, Min-Jeong (Organic Agricultural Division, National Institute of Agriculture Sciences) ;
  • Shim, Chang-Ki (Organic Agricultural Division, National Institute of Agriculture Sciences) ;
  • Kim, Yong-Ki (Organic Agricultural Division, National Institute of Agriculture Sciences) ;
  • Ko, Byong-Gu (Organic Agricultural Division, National Institute of Agriculture Sciences) ;
  • Park, Jong-Ho (Organic Agricultural Division, National Institute of Agriculture Sciences) ;
  • Hwang, Soo-Gen (Rural Policy Division, Hongcheon Agricultural Technology Center) ;
  • Kim, Baeg-Ho (Rural Service Division, Samcheok Agricultural Technology Center)
  • Received : 2018.11.11
  • Accepted : 2018.11.19
  • Published : 2018.12.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of freshwater alga, Chlorella fusca on the improvement of growth and qualities in organic spinach and Chinese chives farm. The average height of Chinese chives treated with the chlorella was 3.7 cm smaller than that of the untreated. The leaf width and fresh weight of Chinese chives treated with the chlorella was 0.5 mm wider and 30.3 g heavier than that of the untreated. The commercialization and yield of Chinese chives treated with the chlorella was 11.9% and 18.3%, respectively higher than that of the untreated. Also, the disease severity of gray mold disease of Chinese chives treated with the chlorella was reduced by more than 24.2% when compared with the untreated. The thickness and number of spinach leaves treated with chlorella was 27.9% and 41.8%, respectively higher than that of the untreated. The fresh weight and yield of the spinach treated with the chlorella was 63.6% and 31.5%, respectively higher than that of the untreated. Moreover, the mineral content of K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, and Mn were recorded higher in the spinach treated with chlorella compared with that of untreated. The results indicated that the freshwater alga, Chlorella fusca is efficient and economical biostimulant in improving plant growth and quality of Chinese chives and spinach in organic farm.

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Fig. 1. Control effect (A) and symptoms of gray mold disease caused by Botrytis squamosa on Chlorella fusca treated (B) and untreated (C) Chinese chives leaves after treated with 0.4% C. fusca at two weeks intervals in winter season organic farms in Hongcheon. *Correlation is significant at P < 0.05, **Correlation is significant at P < 0.01.

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Fig. 2. Comparison of growth, weight and leaves number of 0.4% Chlorella fusca (A, C, E) and conventional (B, D, F) treated summer season spinach in 2017.

Table 4. Effect of green algae, 0.4% Chlorella fusca (CF) on the mineral content of spinach leaves in organic farm

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Table 1. Improving of growth and marketble value of the winter season organic Chinese chives treated with 0.4% Chlorella fusca (CF) in Hongcheon in 2017

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Table 2. Effect of green algae, 0.4% Chlorella fusca (CF) on improving of yield of the winter season Chinese chives in five organic farms at Hongcheon

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Table 3. Improving of plant growth and yield of summer season organic spinach treated with 0.4% Chlorella fusca (CF) in Samcheok

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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