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Influence of Depression, Anxiety and Social Support on Suicidal Ideation in Elderly Patients with Parkinson's Disease

우울, 불안, 사회적지지가 노인 파킨슨병 환자의 자살생각에 미치는 영향

  • Park, Hyun-Joo ;
  • Son, Hye Gyeong
  • 박현주 ;
  • 손혜경
  • Received : 2018.09.26
  • Accepted : 2018.11.12
  • Published : 2018.11.28

Abstract

Purpose: This study is to identify how depression, anxiety and social support influence on suicidal ideation of Parkinson disease patients related to general characteristics. Methods: This descriptive correlative study was conducted through an organized and structured questionnaire and 120 sampled Parkinson disease patients. Collected data was analyzed by t-tests, ANOVA, and Preason's correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 19.0. Results : Finding revealed 1) The degrees of suicidal ideation were significantly different upon the martial status(F=3.37, p=.021) among groups, drinking(F=4.97, p=.008) and smoking history(F=4.77, p=.010): 2) Pearson's correlation coefficient indicated significant association among the depression, anxiety, social support and suicidal ideation 3) Multiple regression analysis showed depression(${\beta}=.58$ t=7.77, p<.001), social support(${\beta}=-.21$, t=-2.69, p=.008) and alcohol drinking(${\beta}=.17$ t=2.61, p=.010). Depression was the major influencing factor and it has 54% of explanation power. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, health professionals should provide parkinson disease patients with comprehensive and appropriate management method to prevent suicide ideation upon factors: depression, anxiety and social support to prevent suicide ideation. Especially, implement of self-help group program to parkinson disease patients is very needed.

Keywords

Parkinson Disease;Depression;Anxiety;Social support;Suicidal ideation

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 부산여자대학교