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Experimental Study on Frequency Support of Variable Speed Wind Turbine Based on Electromagnetic Coupler

  • You, Rui (Department of Electrical Engineering, Qingdao University) ;
  • Chai, Jianyun (Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University) ;
  • Sun, Xudong (Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University) ;
  • Bi, Daqiang (Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University) ;
  • Wu, Xinzhen (Department of Electrical Engineering, Qingdao University)
  • Received : 2016.07.18
  • Accepted : 2017.09.18
  • Published : 2018.01.20

Abstract

In the variable speed Wind Turbine based on ElectroMagnetic Coupler (WT-EMC), a synchronous generator is coupled directly to the grid. Therefore, like conventional power plants, WT-EMC is able to inherently support grid frequency. However, due to the reduced inertia of the synchronous generator, WT-EMC is expected to be controlled to increase its output power in response to a grid frequency drop to support grid frequency. Similar to the grid frequency support control of Type 3 or Type 4 wind turbine, inertial control and droop control can be used to calculate the WT-EMC additional output power reference according to the synchronous generator speed. In this paper, an experimental platform is built to study the grid frequency support from WT-EMC with inertial control and droop control. Two synchronous generators, driven by two induction motors controlled by two converters, are used to emulate the synchronous generators in conventional power plants and in WT-EMCs respectively. The effectiveness of the grid frequency support from WT-EMC with inertial control and droop control responding to a grid frequency drop is validated by experimental results. The selection of the grid frequency support controller and its gain for WT-EMC is analyzed briefly.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

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