# Vibration Analysis of Transformer DC bias Caused by HVDC based on EMD Reconstruction

• Liu, Xingmou (College of Automation, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications) ;
• Yang, Yongming (School of Electrical Engineering, Chongqing University) ;
• Huang, Yichen (State Grid Jiangxi Economic Research Institute)
• Accepted : 2017.11.15
• Published : 2018.03.01

#### Abstract

This paper proposes a new approach utilizing empirical mode decomposition (EMD) reconstruction to process vibration signals of a transformer under DC bias caused by high voltage direction transmission (HVDC), which is the potential cause of additional vibration and noise from transformer. Firstly, the Calculation Method is presented and a 3D model of transformer is simulated to analyze transformer deformation characteristic and the result indicate the main vibration is produced along axial direction of three core limbs. Vibration test system has been built and test points on the core and shell of transformer have been measured. Then, the signal reconstruction method for transformer vibration based on EMD is proposed. Through the EMD decomposition, the corrupted noise can be selectively reconstructed by the certain frequency IMFs and better vibration signals of transformer have been obtained. After EMD reconstruction, the vibrations are compared between transformer in normal work and with DC bias. When DC bias occurs, odd harmonics, vibration of core and shell, behave as a nonlinear increase and the even harmonics keep unchanged with DC current. Experiment results are provided to collaborate our theoretical analysis and to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed EMD method.

#### Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Natural Science Foundation of China

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