A Study on the Impact of Competency of Technology: Based Startups on Performance Using ETRI Technology

ETRI 기술을 활용한 기술창업기업의 역량이 경영성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • Bae, Hongbeom (Science and Technology Management Policy, University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Song, Minkyung (National Security Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Seokyun (Technology Commercialization Division, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute)
  • 배홍범 (과학기술연합대학원대학교) ;
  • 송민경 (한국전자통신연구원 부설 국가보안연구소) ;
  • 김서균 (한국전자통신연구원)
  • Received : 2018.01.02
  • Accepted : 2018.02.24
  • Published : 2018.02.28

Abstract

In a rapidly changing environment, such as globalization, technology-based startups are attracting attention as a new growth engine that creates jobs and added value and promotes national competitiveness. At present, countries around the world recognize the development of technology-based start-up companies as a major policy task and strive to make policy efforts to revitalize start-ups and strengthen innovation capabilities of companies. Especially, in order to secure superiority in the fierce market competition, it is becoming more and more important for the growth and development of technological start-up companies that pioneer new markets and energize the economy based on original and innovative technologies. Therefore, it is necessary to study systematically and plan for survival and growth of technology start-up companies. The purpose of this study is to investigate the entrepreneurial spirit of Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Risk Sensibility and Technology Innovation Capacity, R&D ability, Technology Accumulation Capacity, Technology Innovation System, The results of this study are as follows. the effects of marketing ability on technical performance and financial performance are examined. First, the CEO 's entrepreneurial spirit has an effect on the technical performance and financial performance of the management performance. Second, the technology accumulation ability and the R & D capability have a positive effect on the technical performance. Finally, it was found that the ability to commercialize the technology commercialization capacity affects both technical performance and financial performance. The policy implications that can be gained through this are as follows. First, by strengthening cooperation between universities and research institutes, related technology entrepreneurship education programs should be upgraded so that technology entrepreneurs or preliminary entrepreneurs can capture business opportunities and secure market price competitiveness. Secondly, R & D for the purpose of start-up should be developed and marketable technology should be developed and linked to direct start-up. Third, it is necessary to activate the program to match the company with the honorary retirement manpower of large enterprises and SMEs, which have more experience in field experience than the founders.

글로벌화 등의 급변하는 환경 속에서 기술기반의 창업은 일자리 및 부가가치를 창출하여 국가 경쟁력을 도모하는 신 성장 동력으로 주목 받고 있다. 현재 세계 각국은 기술기반 창업기업의 육성을 주요 정책과제로 인식하고 창업활성화 및 기업의 혁신역량 강화를 위한 정책적 노력에 힘쓰고 있다. 특히 치열한 시장경쟁에서 우위를 확보하기 위해서는 독창적이고 혁신적인 기술력을 바탕으로 새로운 시장을 개척하여 경제에 활력을 불어넣는 기술창업기업의 성장발전이 더욱 중요해지고 있다. 이에 따라 기술창업기업의 생존과 성장을 위한 체계적인 대응과 방안 연구가 필요하다 할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 ETRI 기술을 활용한 기술창업기업을 대상으로 기업가정신 요인인 혁신성, 진취성, 위험감수성과 기술혁신역량 요인인 연구개발능력, 기술축적능력, 기술혁신체계, 그리고 기술사업화 역량인 제품화능력, 마케팅능력이 기업 경영성과인 기술성과 및 재무성과에 미치는 영향을 알아보았으며, 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, CEO의 기업가정신 중 진취성이 경영성과의 기술성과와 재무성과에 모두 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 기술혁신역량 중 기술축적능력은 기술성과에, 연구개발능력은 재무성과에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 마지막으로 기술사업화 역량 중 제품화능력이 기술성과와 재무성과에 모두 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 이를 통해 얻을 수 있는 정책적 시사점은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 학 연 협력 강화를 통해 기술창업자 또는 예비창업자가 사업기회를 잘 포착하여 시장 가격경쟁력을 확보할 수 있도록 관련 기술창업 교육 프로그램을 고도화하여야 한다. 둘째, 창업 목적의 R&D 수행을 통해, 시장성 높은 기술을 개발하여 직접 창업으로 연계될 수 있도록 유도하여야 한다. 셋째, 초기 창업자에 비해 현장경험이 많은 대기업 및 중소기업의 명예퇴직 인력을 기업에 매칭하는 프로그램을 보다 활성화하여야 한다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Grant : 기술창업 활성화 및 창업문화 확산

Supported by : 한국전자통신연구원

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