The Effects of Positivity and Negativity of Present and Future on Temporal distance judgment and Time expression

현재와 미래의 긍정성과 부정성이 시간적 거리 판단과 시간표현에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, GoEun ;
  • Shin, HyunJung
  • 이고은 ;
  • 신현정
  • Received : 2018.11.29
  • Accepted : 2018.11.30
  • Published : 2018.12.30


This study examines the effect of present and future situation on the temporal distance estimation to the future. The effect of present and future situation on time expression was verified. In Experiment 1, an experiment was conducted to investigated the effects of positivity/negativity situation of the present and the future on the judgment of subjective the distance to a certain future time. The results are as follows. When the present is positive and the future is negative, the future looks closer than the objective temporal distance and comes faster, When the present is negative and the future is positive, the future looks farther and comes slower. On the other hand, when the present and the future are both negative, the future looks coming slower. And when the present and the future are both positive, the future is expected to come faster. In Experiment 2, the cognitive and emotional aspects of subjective time through time expressions. It can be said to be 'the time of perseverance' in the sense of time for effort. On the other hand, when the present is positive compared to the future, the time seems go fast and we generally prefer to use cognitive expressions such as 'fast' and emotional expressions such as 'near' and 'pleasant' and 'flutter'. It is 'the time of availability', which means the time to enjoy and utilize.


subjective time;temporal distance;time expression;time of availability;time of perseverance


Supported by : 한국연구재단