A Study of the Characteristics and Productivity of the University Entrepreneurship Ecosystems - Discrete and complementary effects of patents, entrepreneurship education, and student entrepreneurship clubs -

대학 창업생태계의 특성과 생산성에 관한 연구 - 특허, 창업교육, 창업동아리의 개별효과와 상호보완효과를 중심으로 -

  • Received : 2018.10.15
  • Accepted : 2018.11.30
  • Published : 2018.11.30

Abstract

Given the substantial industrial and economic contributions of university start-ups, a growing number of studies have adopted the ecosystem perspectives to systematically explain creating start-ups in universities. Despite the huge theoretical potential, few studies have analyzed the complex, complimentary interactions of the core components in the university entrepreneurship ecosystems (UEEs). Addressing the limitation, this research not only discusses the role of the core ecosystem components, such as patents, entrepreneurship education, and student entrepreneurship clubs, but also analyzes their discrete and complimentary effects on the productivity of UEEs. Based on a national survey of universities, this study shows that all the core components have a positive effect on the ecosystem productivity. More importantly, this study investigated the complimentary relationships among components and tested the moderation effects of both the entrepreneurship education and the student clubs on the relationship between the patents and the productivity of UEEs. The analysis results show that the student clubs intensify the patents' positive effect on the productivity of UEEs. The research results could provide the crucial policy insights for the successful design of UEEs.

Keywords

Entrepreneurial ecosystem;patent;entrepreneurial education;student entrepreneurial club;discrete effect;complementary effect;productivity

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