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Community-Residing Elderly's Attitude toward Own Aging and Effects of Personal Resources, Social Support, and Social Participation: Focused on Elderly in Daejeon Metropolitan City

지역사회 노인의 자신의 노화에 대한 태도와 개인자원, 사회적 지지, 사회참여가 미치는 영향: 대전광역시 거주 노인을 중심으로

  • 최해경 (충남대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2018.01.02
  • Accepted : 2018.02.05
  • Published : 2018.03.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the attitude toward own aging among community-residing elderly and the predictors of the attitude focusing on personal resources, social support, and social participation. Data were collected from 198 elders aged 60+ with the cooperation of several social service center for the aged, senior centers, and senior citizen associations in Daejeon Metropolitan City. SPSS 22.0 software was used for descriptive analysis, correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. The results showed that (1) the research participant elderly's attitude toward own aging indicated fairly negative perception of their own aging; (2) self-esteem and economic status were statistically significant factors indicating the higher levels of self-esteem and economic status predicting the positive attitude of their own aging; (3) emotional support from family was statistically significant factor that predicted the positive attitude of their own aging; (4) the level of social participation was also statistically significantly associated with the positive attitude; (5) In the full model of all independent variables, the significance of emotional support from family and social participation disappeared, but self-esteem and economic status among personal resources remained statistically significant influential factors. Based on the findings, suggestions for social welfare policy and practice to improve community-residing elderly's positive attitude toward their own aging were discussed.

Keywords

Attitude toward Own Aging;Personal Resources;Social Support;Social Participation

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