Risk of Metabolic Syndrome according to Intake of White Rice and Kimchi in Korean Adults: based on the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2015

한국 성인의 백미와 김치 총 섭취량에 따른 영양상태와 대사증후군 위험도에 관한 연구: 2013-2015년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여

  • Kim, Jin-Su (Department of Clinical Nutrition, Research Institute & Hospital, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Ahn, So Hyun (Department of Food and Nutrition, The Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Son, Sook Mee (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, The Catholic University of Korea)
  • 김진수 (국립암센터, 부속병원, 임상영양실) ;
  • 안소현 (가톨릭대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 손숙미 (가톨릭대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2018.10.04
  • Accepted : 2018.11.26
  • Published : 2018.12.30


Objectives: This study was conducted to examine the relationship between white rice and Kimchi intakes and the risk of metabolic syndrome (Mets) in Korean adults. Methods: Dietary intake and health data of 8289 subjects aged 19 years and over from the 2013-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were used. Daily total intake of white rice and Kimchi was assessed by 24-hour recall data. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the risk of Mets according to the daily intake of white rice and Kimchi. Results: The highest intake of white rice and Kimchi was associated with a higher risk of metabolic syndrome (Q1 vs Q5, multivariable adjusted OR=1.45, 95% CI: 1.03-2.03) in women. In addition, a significantly increased risk of elevated blood pressure (multivariable adjusted P for trend 0.0459) was associated with a higher intake of white rice and Kimchi in women. There was no significant trend in the risk of metabolic syndrome according to the intake of white rice and Kimchi in men. Conclusions: A higher intake of white rice and Kimchi was only associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome in women indicating it is necessary to consume more various food groups beside white rice and Kimchi, especially in women.


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