- Volume 30 Issue 2
DOI QR Code
Immediate Effect of Postural Control of the Contra-Lateral Side on Exercise-Induced Fatigue of the Ipsi-Lateral Plantar Flexor Muscle
- Son, Sung Min (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Cheongju University)
- Received : 2018.03.19
- Accepted : 2018.04.27
- Published : 2018.04.30
Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of exercise-induced fatigue of the plantar flexor muscle in the dominant ankle on the plantar flexor strength and postural control function of the contra-lateral side. Methods: Twenty-one young adults (male: 10, female: 11) volunteered to participate in this study. An exercise-induced fatigue protocol to induce fatigue was performed in the plantar flexor of the dominant ankle. For the fatigue protocol, the participants were instructed to raise their heels as high as possible in the position with one leg stance of the dominant lower limb, and the heel was then downed after holding for 1 second. The muscle strength of the contra-lateral plantar flexor was measured using a digital muscle strength test device, and the static and dynamic postural control were tested by acquiring the center of gravity velocity while performing one leg standing. A paired t-test was used to identify the differences between the pre- and post, and the data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0 software. Results: Comparison of the pre- and post-test data revealed a significant difference in the plantar flexor strength and dynamic postural control after exercise-induced muscle fatigue in the dominant side. On the other hand, there was no significant difference in the static postural control. Conclusion: These findings have practical implications, suggesting that unilateral muscle fatigue affects the ankle muscle strength and postural ability of the contralateral side.
- Zhou S. Chronic neural adaptations to unilateral exercise: mechanisms of cross education. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2000;28(4):177-84.
- Munn J, Herbert RD, Gandevia SC. Contralateral effects of unilateral resistance training: a meta-analysis. J Appl Physiol. 2004;96(5):1861-6. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00541.2003
- Goodwill AM, Daly RM, Kidgell DJ. The effects of anodal-tdcs on crosslimb transfer in older adults. Clin Neurophysiol. 2015;126(11):2189-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2015.01.006
- Lee M, Carroll TJ. Cross education: possible mechanisms for the contralateral effects of unilateral resistance training. Sports Med. 2007;37(1):1-14. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200737010-00001
- Hortobagyi T, Taylor JL, Petersen NT et al. Changes in segmental and motor cortical output with contralateral muscle contractions and altered sensory inputs in humans. J Neurophysiol. 2003;90(4):2451-9. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.01001.2002
- Carroll TJ, Riek S, Carson RG. The sites of neural adaptation induced by resistance training in humans. J Physiol. 2002;544(Pt 2):641-52. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2002.024463
- Shima N, Ishida K, Katayama K et al. Cross education of muscular strength during unilateral resistance training and detraining. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2002;86(4):287-94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-001-0559-z
- Bezerra P, Zhou S, Crowley Z et al. Effects of unilateral electromyostimulation superimposed on voluntary training on strength and cross-sectional area. Muscle Nerve. 2009;40(3):430-7. https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.21329
- Farthing JP, Borowsky R, Chilibeck PD et al. Neuro-physiological adaptations associated with cross-education of strength. Brain Topogr. 2007; 20(2):77-88. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10548-007-0033-2
- Bemben MG, Murphy RE. Age related neural adaptation following short term resistance training in women. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2001;41(3):291-9.
- Schlenstedt C, Arnold M, Mancini M et al. The effect of unilateral balance training on postural control of the contralateral limb. J Sports Sci. 2017;35(22):2265-71. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1265660
- Kim K, Cha YJ, Fell DW. The effect of contralateral training: influence of unilateral isokinetic exercise on one-legged standing balance of the contralateral lower extremity in adults. Gait Posture. 2011;34(1):103-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.03.022
- Panzer S, Schinowski D, Kohle D. Cross-education and contralateral irradiation. J Hum Kinet. 2011;27:66-79.
- Mutch BJ, Banister EW. Ammonia metabolism in exercise and fatigue: a review. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1983;15(1):41-50.
- Allen DG, Westerblad H. Role of phosphate and calcium stores in muscle fatigue. J Physiol. 2001;536(Pt 3):657-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.t01-1-00657.x
- Caron O. Effects of local fatigue of the lower limbs on postural control and postural stability in standing posture. Neurosci Lett. 2003;340(2):83-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3940(02)01455-6
- Vuillerme N, Burdet C, Isableu B et al. The magnitude of the effect of calf muscles fatigue on postural control during bipedal quiet standing with vision depends on the eye-visual target distance. Gait Posture. 2006;24(2):169-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2005.07.011
- Gefen A, Megido-Ravid M, Itzchak Y et al. Analysis of muscular fatigue and foot stability during high-heeled gait. Gait Posture. 2002;15(1):56-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0966-6362(01)00180-1
- Barbieri FA, dos Santos PC, Vitorio R et al. Effect of muscle fatigue and physical activity level in motor control of the gait of young adults. Gait Posture. 2013;38(4):702-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.03.006
- Park SW, Son SM, Lee NK. Exercise-induced muscle fatigue in the unaffected knee joint and its influence on postural control and lower limb kinematics in stroke patients. Neural Regen Res. 2017;12(5):765-9. https://doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.206647
- Springer BK, Pincivero DM. The effects of localized muscle and wholebody fatigue on single-leg balance between healthy men and women. Gait Posture. 2009;30(1):50-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2009.02.014
- Son SM. Changes of one-leg standing balance of ipsilateral and contralateral lower-limb following unilateral isokinetic exercise of ankle joint in young adults. J Kor Phys Ther. 2015;27(6):430-3. https://doi.org/10.18857/jkpt.2015.27.6.430
- Gribble PA, Hertel J. Effect of lower-extremity muscle fatigue on postural control. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004;85(4):589-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2003.06.031
- Harkins KM, Mattacola CG, Uhl TL et al. Effects of 2 ankle fatigue models on the duration of postural stability dysfunction. J Athl Train. 2005; 40(3):191-4.
- Gribble PA, Hertel J, Denegar CR et al. The effects of fatigue and chronic ankle instability on dynamic postural control. J Athl Train. 2004;39(4):321-9.
- Salavati M, Moghadam M, Ebrahimi I et al. Changes in postural stability with fatigue of lower extremity frontal and sagittal plane movers. Gait Posture. 2007;26(2):214-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.09.001