- Volume 13 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
Gray Wolf Optimizer for the Optimal Coordination of Directional Overcurrent Relay
- Kim, Chang-Hwan (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Yeungnam University) ;
- Khurshaid, Tahir (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Yeungnam University) ;
- Wadood, Abdul (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Yeungnam University) ;
- Farkoush, Saeid Gholami (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Yeungnam University) ;
- Rhee, Sang-Bong (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Yeungnam University)
- Received : 2017.09.07
- Accepted : 2017.12.15
- Published : 2018.05.01
The coordination of directional overcurrent relay (DOCR) is employed in this work, considering gray wolf optimizer (GWO), a recently designed optimizer that employs the hunting and leadership attitude of gray wolves for searching a global optimum. In power system protection coordination problem, the objective function to be optimized is the sum of operating time of all the main relays. The coordination of directional overcurrent relays is formulated as a linear programming problem. The proposed optimization technique aims to minimize the time dial settings (TDS) of the relays. The calculation of the Time Dial Setting (TDS) setting of the relays is the core of the coordination study. In this article two case studies of IEEE 6-bus system and IEEE 30-bus system are utilized to see the efficiency of this algorithm and the results had been compared with the other algorithms available in the reference and it was observed that the proposed scheme is quite competent for dealing with such problems. From analyzing the obtained results, it has been found that the GWO approach provides the most globally optimum solution at a faster convergence speed. GWO has achieved a lot of relaxation due to its easy implementation, modesty and robustness. MATLAB computer programming has been applied to see the effectiveness of this algorithm.
Supported by : Korea Electric Power Corporation
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