DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Korea Coast Guard's Human Biological Materials Storage Project for Identifying Bodies Recovered from the Sea: A Model Suggestion

해양변사자 신원확인을 위한 해양경찰의 인체유래물 보관사업 모델제시

  • Joo, Hyunjung (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Choo, Minkyu (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Baek, Yoongi (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Kim, Namyul (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Choi, A-jin (National Forensic Service Busan Institute, National Forensic Service) ;
  • Im, Sonyoung (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Lee, Jongnam (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Kim, Hyungkyu (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Lee, Hanseong (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard)
  • 주현정 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 추민규 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 백윤기 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 김남율 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 최아진 (국립과학수사연구원 부산국립과학수사연구소) ;
  • 임선영 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 이종남 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 김형규 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 이한성 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터)
  • Received : 2018.01.11
  • Accepted : 2018.04.27
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

The ocean is a harsh environment and Korea Coast Guard officers often face the threat of death or going missing in the line of duty. In order to promptly identify unknown bodies during mishaps, Korea Coast Guard Research Center has established an identification system using the DNA of its officers. This collected DNA can also be entombed in National Cemeteries when the remains are not recovered. The storage, disposal and quality control of the materials are overseen by the Governing Committee according to the Enforcement Rules for the Human Biological Materials Storage Project for the Identification of Officers Killed or Gone Missing in Action. Approximately 700 bodies are found per year along the Korean coast. An alternative method should be put in place for when identification through fingerprints and teeth are not applicable due to severe decomposition or partial recovery. We believe it would greatly contribute to helping identify the unknown bodies if the storage project could expand its data to include marine industry workers, relevant researchers and those involved in marine leisure activities.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 해양생물 DNA분석시스템 및 DB구축

Supported by : 해양경찰청

References

  1. ACT ON CONFIRMATION OF LIFE OR DEATH AND PROMOTION OF EXCHANGE OF INTER-KOREAN SEPARATED FAMILIES (Enforcement Date 23. Nov, 2013., Act No.11775).
  2. ACT ON THE PROTECTION AND SUPPORT OF MISSING CHILDREN, ETC. (Enforcement Date 19. Sep, 2017., Act No.14886).
  3. ACT ON USE AND PROTECTION OF DNA IDENTIFICA -TION INFORMATION (Enforcement Date 07. Jul, 2017., Act No.13722).
  4. BIOETHICS AND SAFETY ACT (Enforcement Date 26. Jul, 2017., Act No.14839).
  5. Enforcement Rules for the Human Biological Materials Storage Project for the Identification (Enforcement Date 8. Jun, 2017., Ordinance of Ministry of National Defense No.2041).
  6. Enforcement Rules for the Human Biological Materials Storage Project for the Identification of Officers Killed or Gone Missing in Action (Enforcement Date 14. Dec, 2015., Ordinance of Public Safety and Security, No. 147).
  7. FBI website(2018), https://www.fbi.gov/services/laboratory/bio metric-analysis/codis/codis-and-ndis-fact-sheet.
  8. Joao Pinheiro(2006), Forensic anthropology and medicine, Humana press, pp. 85-116.
  9. Kwon, C. K. and C. W. Bang(2013), Revisited the problem of DNA database-in relation to roundabout expansion of DNA database by Y-STR & familiar Search, The Korean association of police science review, Vol. 15, No. 6, pp. 35-56.
  10. Lee, J. N.(2009), Verwendung sowie Gewinnung von DNA- Informationen in England - als Mittelpunkt von Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, The journal of police science, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 211-231.
  11. Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries(2017), Statistics System of Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, https://www.mof.go.kr/ statPortal/, Marine Accidents Analysis.
  12. MND Agency for KIA Recovery and Identification(2015), Research on the improvement way for a reasonable manage of fallen remains and identification effectiveness, pp. 1-100.
  13. MND Agency for KIA Recovery and Identification website http://www.withcountry.mil.kr/.
  14. Yoon, G. S., Y. B Choi and N. D. Sung(2014), Case on The Fingerprinting Technique of A Person Unnaturally Killed; Various Application of The Multifunctional Self-Adhesive Tape for Fingerprint Sampling, The Korean academy of scientific criminal investigation, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 283-290.