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Korea Coast Guard's Human Biological Materials Storage Project for Identifying Bodies Recovered from the Sea: A Model Suggestion

해양변사자 신원확인을 위한 해양경찰의 인체유래물 보관사업 모델제시

  • Joo, Hyunjung (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Choo, Minkyu (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Baek, Yoongi (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Kim, Namyul (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Choi, A-jin (National Forensic Service Busan Institute, National Forensic Service) ;
  • Im, Sonyoung (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Lee, Jongnam (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Kim, Hyungkyu (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard) ;
  • Lee, Hanseong (Korea Coast Guard Research Center, Korea Coast Guard)
  • 주현정 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 추민규 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 백윤기 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 김남율 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 최아진 (국립과학수사연구원 부산국립과학수사연구소) ;
  • 임선영 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 이종남 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 김형규 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터) ;
  • 이한성 (해양경찰청 해양경찰연구센터)
  • Received : 2018.01.11
  • Accepted : 2018.04.27
  • Published : 2018.04.30

Abstract

The ocean is a harsh environment and Korea Coast Guard officers often face the threat of death or going missing in the line of duty. In order to promptly identify unknown bodies during mishaps, Korea Coast Guard Research Center has established an identification system using the DNA of its officers. This collected DNA can also be entombed in National Cemeteries when the remains are not recovered. The storage, disposal and quality control of the materials are overseen by the Governing Committee according to the Enforcement Rules for the Human Biological Materials Storage Project for the Identification of Officers Killed or Gone Missing in Action. Approximately 700 bodies are found per year along the Korean coast. An alternative method should be put in place for when identification through fingerprints and teeth are not applicable due to severe decomposition or partial recovery. We believe it would greatly contribute to helping identify the unknown bodies if the storage project could expand its data to include marine industry workers, relevant researchers and those involved in marine leisure activities.

해양경찰은 바다라는 극한 환경에서 임무수행 중 빈번히 사망 실종의 위험에 맞닥뜨린다. 사고 발생 시 신속한 신원확인을 위해 해양경찰연구센터는 해양경찰을 대상으로 DNA를 이용한 신원확인 시스템을 구축하였으며 사체가 발견되지 않을 경우를 대비해 국립묘지 안장이 가능한 장치 또한 마련하였다. 순직 실종 등 대비 신원확인용 인체유래물 보관사업 운영규칙에 따라 인체유래물의 관리, 보관, 폐기, 품질검사가 진행되며 이는 관리위원회의 감시 하에 행해진다. 한반도 해역에서는 매년 700여건의 해양 변사자가 발생하는데 사체가 늦게 발견되어 부패가 심하거나, 일부분만 발견되어 지문 또는 치아로 개인 식별이 불가능할 경우 해양 변사자의 신원확인을 위한 방법이 필요하다. 해양경찰연구센터가 운영중인 '인체유래물 보관사업'을 해양 수산 종사자, 관련 연구자, 해양 레저인에게까지 확대 실행한다면 해양 변사자 신원확인에 큰 도움이 될 것이다.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 해양생물 DNA분석시스템 및 DB구축

Supported by : 해양경찰청

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