Response Surface Modeling for the Adsorption of Dye Eosin Y by Activated Carbon Prepared from Waste Citrus Peel

폐감귤박으로 만든 활성탄을 이용한 염료 Eosin Y 흡착에서 반응표면 모델링

  • Kam, Sang-Kyu (Department of Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Lee, Min-Gyu (Department of Environmental Engineering, Jeju National University)
  • 감상규 (부경대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 이민규 (제주대학교 환경공학과)
  • Received : 2017.12.27
  • Accepted : 2018.02.11
  • Published : 2018.06.10


The adsorption of Eosin Y by the activated carbon (WCAC) prepared from waste citrus peel was investigated by using response surface methodology (RSM) and Box-Behnken design (BBD) statistical procedures. Experiments were carried out as per BBD with three input parameters, the Eosin Y concentration (Conc. : 30~50 mg/L), the solution temperature (Temp. : 293~313 K), and the adsorbent dose (Dose : 0.05~0.15 g/L). Regression analysis showed a good fit of the experimental data to the second-order polynomial model with coefficients of the determination ($R^2$) value of 0.9851 and P-value (Lack of fit) of 0.342. An optimum dye uptake of 59.3 mg/g was achieved at the dye concentration of 50 mg/L, the temperature of 333 K, and the adsorbent dose of 0.1056 g. The adsorption process of Eosin Y by WCAC can be well described by the pseudo second order kinetic model. The experimental data followed the Langmuir isotherm model.


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