음이온 중합법 기반 P3HT-b-P4VP 블록공중합체 정밀 합성 및 이의 용매에 따른 물리적 특성 변화 연구

Synthesis of P3HT-b-P4VP via Anionic Polymerization and its Physical Properties in Various Solvents

  • 황성연 (과학기술연합대학원대학교) ;
  • 박제영 (과학기술연합대학원대학교) ;
  • 오동엽 (과학기술연합대학원대학교)
  • Hwang, Sung Yeon (Advanced Materials and Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology (UST)) ;
  • Park, Jeyoung (Advanced Materials and Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology (UST)) ;
  • Oh, Dongyeop X. (Advanced Materials and Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology (UST))
  • 투고 : 2018.03.20
  • 심사 : 2018.04.17
  • 발행 : 2018.06.10


기존의 문헌에서는 poly(3-hexylthiophene)(P3HT) 기반의 블록공중합체를 합성하기 위해서 최소 4-5단계 이상의 복잡한 공정을 거쳐야 했고, 일반적으로 분자량, 분자량 분포 및 블록의 비를 조절하기 위해서 단량체 전환율 및 반응 시간을 계속해서 모니터링 해야 한다. 또한, 여러 가지 이유에서 합성 스케일이 수 mg에서 수 g으로 제한되었다. 본 연구에서는 음이온 중합법을 이용해서 P3HT-b-poly(4-vinylprydine) (P4VP)를 오직 2단계로 중합할 수 있었으며, 중합 스케일은 수십 g 정도가 가능하였다. 반응 도중 단량체 전환율 및 농도를 계속 모니터링 해야 하는 번거로움 없이 초기 단량체 당량비만으로 블록 비율과 분자량 분포를 정밀 조절할 수 있었다. 만들어진 P3HT-b-P4VP를 친수성 및 소수성 용매에 녹여 분자 거동을 살펴보았다. 용액의 특성이 용액 속 미셸 구조와 필름 코팅 후 모포로지에 영향을 미친다는 것을 확인했다. P3HT-b-P4VP의 물리적 특성은 적외선-자외선 분광분석법, 원자힘현미경 및 자외선 광전자 분광분석법을 이용하여 평가하였다.


연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국화학연구원


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