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A Convergence Study on the Factors Influencing Nursing Students' Attitudes toward Standard Precautions: Focusing on the Health Belief Model

간호대학생의 표준주의 태도에 미치는 영향 요인에 관한 융합적 연구 : 건강신념모델 기반

  • Received : 2017.03.06
  • Accepted : 2018.06.20
  • Published : 2018.06.28

Abstract

"Standard Precautions" (SP) is important for nursing students as it will lead to the protection of health professionals from infectious diseases and prevention of the wide spread of epidemic illnesses. Therefore, this study investigated factors influencing nursing students' attitudes toward SP. Data were collected from 291 nursing students from May to June, in 2016. According to the results, perceived benefit (4.26) was the highest among sub factors of the health belief model, test score of SP was 78.8%, and attitude score (4 point scale) was 3.63. Perceived sensitivity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, self-efficacy, knowledge about SP showed significant correlations with the attitudes towards SP. Among sub-factors of the health beliefs, perceived sensitivity (${\beta}=.152$, p<.05) and perceived barrier (${\beta}=-.125$, p<.05) were found to influence nursing students' attitudes toward SP (F= 5.680, p<.001). Hence, it can be concluded that a convergence education program promoting health belief is needed for improving attitudes toward SP among nursing students.

Keywords

Convergence;Standard Precautions;Health Belief;Knowledge;Attitudes;Nursing Students

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