DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Work-Family Conflict and Engagement: Moderating Effect of Self-Efficacy

일·가정생활의 갈등과 몰입의 관계: 자기효능감의 조절효과

  • Received : 2018.04.13
  • Accepted : 2018.05.14
  • Published : 2018.06.28

Abstract

This study discusses the relationships among work-family conflict, workers' individual engagement and self-efficacy. The empirical analysis shows that work-life conflict has a great importance on workers' individual engagement. The results highlight the role of work-family conflict in helping to enhance the workers' individual engagement. This study contributes to the work-family conflict in literature by reporting the findings of empirical research, which examine the attitudes relating work-family conflict. It is identified in the study that the substantial impact of work-family conflict on workers' individual engagement is crucial, and the policy implications for employers suggested.

Keywords

Work-Family Conflict;Engagement;Self-Efficacy;Organizational Commitment

References

  1. H. De Cheri, B. Holmes, J. Abbott, and T. Pettit, "Achievements and Challenges for Work/Life Balance Strategies in Australian Organizations," International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol.16, No.1, pp.90-103, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1080/0958519042000295966
  2. 김주엽, 박상언, 지혜정, "일-생활 균형(Work-Life Balance)과 직무만족 및 이직의도 간의 관계에 관한 실증연구," 인적자원개발연구, 제14권, 제1호, pp.1-29, 2011.
  3. E. Greenblatt, "Work/Life Balance: Wisdom or Whining," Organizational Dynamics, Vol.31, No.2, pp.177-193, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0090-2616(02)00100-6
  4. J. Sturges and D. Guest, "Working to Live or Living to Work? Work/Life Balance Early in the Career," Human Resource Management Journal, Vol.14, No.4, pp.5-20, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2004.tb00130.x
  5. C. Loughlin and J. Barling, "Young Workers' Work Values, Attitudes, and Behaviours," Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol.74, No.4, pp.543-558, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317901167514
  6. S. Fleetwood, "Why Work-Life Balance Now?" International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol.18, No.4, pp.387-400, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585190601167441
  7. 임효창, 김오현, 이봉세, "기혼 직장인의 직장-가정갈등이 직무태도에 미치는 영향: 경력계획과 성별의 조절효과를 중심으로", 제18권, 제1호, pp.421-442, 2005.
  8. C. Sullivan and J. Smithson, "Perspectives of Homeworkers and Their Partners on Working Flexibility and Gender Equity," International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol.18, No.3, pp.448-461, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585190601167797
  9. M. R. Frone and J. K. Yardley, "Workplace Family-Supportive Programmes: Predictors of Employed Parents' Importance Ratings," Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol.69, No.4, pp.351-366, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1996.tb00621.x
  10. 고용노동부, "2016년도 일.가정양립 실태조사 결과 발표," 보도자료, 2016.
  11. 박상언, 최민오, "가정친화제도의 효과성과 직장-가정 상호작용의 매개효과," 경영학연구, 제42권, 제2호, pp.355-381, 2013.
  12. J. H. Greenhaus and N. J. Beutell, "Sources of Conflict between Work and Family Roles," Academy of Management Review, Vol.10, No.1, pp.76-88, 1985. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1985.4277352
  13. S. Parasuraman, Y. S. Purohit, and V. M. Godshalk, "Work and Family Variables, Entrepreneurial Career Success, and Psychological Well-Being," Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol.48, No.3, pp.275-300, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1996.0025
  14. M. R. Frone, M. Russell, and M. L. Cooper, "Prevalence of Work-Family Conflict: Are Work and Family Boundaries Asymmetrically Permeable?," Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol.13, No.7, pp.723-729, 1992. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.4030130708
  15. D. E. Guest, "Is the Psychological Contract Worth Taking Seriously?," Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol.19, No.S1, pp.649-669, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(1998)19:1+<649::AID-JOB970>3.0.CO;2-T
  16. D. Carlson and P. Perrewe, "The Role of Social Support in the Stressor-Strain Relationship: An Examination of Work-Family Conflict," Journal of Management, Vol.8, No.4, pp.411-420, 1999.
  17. S. J. Lambert, "Added Benefits: The Link between Work-Life Benefits and Organizational Citizenship," Academy of Management Journal, Vol.43, No.5, pp.801-815, 2000. https://doi.org/10.2307/1556411
  18. J. D. Goodstein, "Institutional Pressures and Strategic Responsiveness: Employer Involvement in Work-Family Issues," Academy of Management Journal, Vol.37, No.2, pp.350-382, 1994. https://doi.org/10.2307/256833
  19. M. P. O'Driscoll, D. R. Ilgen, and K. Hildreth, "Time Devoted to Job and Off-Job Activities, Interrole Conflict, and Affective Experiences," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.77, No.3, pp.272-279, 1992. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.77.3.272
  20. G. M. Bellavia and M. R. Frone, Work-family Conflict. In J. Barling, E. K. Kelloway, and M. R. Frone(Eds.), Handbook of Work Stress (pp.113-147), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2005.
  21. 이정언, 스벤 노이만, "가족 친화적 경영을 위한 유연적 근로시간제도," 인재경영, 제25호, pp.70-71, 2007.
  22. A. Bandura, "Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change," Psychological Review, Vol.84, No.2, pp.191-215, 1977. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.84.2.191
  23. A. O. Mensah and A. Lebbaeus, "The Influence of Employees' Self-Efficacy on Their Quality of Work Life: The Case of Cape Coast, Ghana," International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol.4, No.2, pp.195-205, 2013.
  24. I. Prilleltensky and O. Prilleltensky, Promoting Well-being: Linking Personal, Organizational, and Community Change, John Wiley & Sons, 2007.
  25. A. O. Mensah and A. Lebbaeus, "The Influence of Employees' Self-Efficacy on Their Quality of Work Life: The Case of Cape Coast, Ghana," International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol.4, No.2, pp.195-205, 2013.
  26. R. A. Matthews, L. M. Kath, and J. L. Barnes-Farrell, "A Short, Valid, Predictive Measure of Work-Family Conflict: Item Selection and Scale Validation," Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Vol.15, No.1, pp.75-90, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017443
  27. N. J. Allen and J. P. Meyer, "The Measurement and Antecedents of Affective, Continuance, Normative Commitment," Journal of Occupational Psychology, Vol.63, No.1, pp.1-18, 1990. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1990.tb00506.x
  28. H. F. Kaiser, "An Index of Factorial Simplicity," Psychometrika, Vol.39, No.1, pp.31-36, 1974. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02291575
  29. 강현철, "구성타당성 평가에 있어서 요인분석의 활용," 대한간호학회지, 제43권, 제5호, pp.587-594, 2013. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2013.43.5.587
  30. R. M. Baron and D. A. Kenny, "The Moderator-Mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic, and Statistical Considerations," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.51, No.6, pp.1173-1182, 1986. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173