• Published : 2018.06.15


The Renaissance is generally said to be the rebirth of the ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome, and was centered around Italy from the 14th to the 16th century. This includes the temporal peculiarity of the Renaissance as a sudden phenomenon after the Medieval Ages, and the spatial peculiarity of what happened only in Europe. However, if we remove the European-centered bias here, the horizon for interpreting the Renaissance becomes much wider. There have been claims that similar cultural phenomena resembling the Renaissance existed in other civilizations at the same time. This paper seeks to investigate two possibilities. The first is the possibility of a spatial expansion of the Renaissance. This suggests that the Renaissance was created by long-term exchanges with the Eastern, Middle and Western Hemispheres. The second is the possibility of a simultaneity of the Renaissance in the 14th and 16th centuries. This suggests that it was a global phenomenon that occurred in different civilizations. The Renaissance, therefore, was a crystallization of a complex of civilizations created by the crossing of various cultures along the Silk Road, and should be referred to as the 'Global Renaissance' instead of the 'Western Renaissance.'


Supported by : Keimyung University


  1. Brummett, Palmira. 1994. Ottoman Seapower and Levantine Diplomacy in the Age of Discovery. 1-6. New York: SUNY Press.
  2. Darling, Linda T. 2007. "The Renaissance and the Middle East." In A Companion to the Worlds of the Renaissance, edited by Guido Ruggiero, 55-69. Oxford: Blackwell.
  3. Erkinov, A. 1998. "The Perception of Works by Classical Authors in the 18th and 19th Centuries Central Asia: The Example of the Xamsa of Ali Shir Nawa'i." In Muslim Culture in Russia and Central Asia from the 18th to the Early 20th Centuries, edited by A. von Kügelgen, M. Kemper, and D. Ermolenko, 513-526. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag.
  4. Finlay, Robert. 2010. The Pilgrim Art. Cultures of Porcelain in World History. 47-79. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  5. Glanville, Philippa, and Hilary Young, eds. 2002. Elegant Eating: Four Hundred Years of Dining in Style. 44-92. London: V&A Publications.
  6. Golombek, Lisa, and Donald Wilber. 1988. The Timurid Architecture of Iran and Turan (Vol. 1 and 2). Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  7. Grabar, Oleg, and Sheila Blair. 1980. Epic Images and Contemporary History: The Illustrations of the Great Mongol Shahname. 48-73. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  8. Hillenbrand, Robert. 1992. "The Uses of Space in Timurid Painting." In Timurid Art and Culture, edited by Lisa Golombek and Maria Eva Subtelny. 76-102. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
  9. Hing, Hui Chun. 2010. "Huangming Zuxun and Zheng He's Voyages to the Western Oceans." Journal of Chinese Studies 51 (July): 67-86.
  10. Hoberman, Barry. 1985. "Chaucer of the Turks." Saudi Aramco World 36(1). (January/February): 24-27.
  11. Jung, Daham. 2009. "Language between Empire and Vassal in East Asian Context - Sinocentric Standard Languages and Chosŏn's Vernacular Alphabet." Hanguksahakbo 36: 269-305.
  12. Kim, Tschung-Sun. 2016. "The Development of the Silk Road: The Postal Relay Route of Mongol and Goryeo." Acta Via Serica Inaugural Issue: 105-117.
  13. Lane, George. 2006. Daily Life in the Mongol Empire. 114. Westport: Greenwood Press.
  14. Ledyard, Gari. 1990. "The Cultural Work of Sejong the Great." Accessed May 1, 2018.
  15. Lee, Soyoung. 2009. Art of the Korean Renaissance, 1400-1600. 15-64. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  16. Liu, Yingsheng, & Peter Jackson. 1992. "Chinese-Iranian Relations: Mongol Period." Encyclopedia Iranica, edited by Ehsan Yarsharter, 434-436. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers.
  17. MacGregor, Neil. 2010. History of the World in 100 Objects. London: British Museum.
  18. Namgung, Seungwon. 2017. "The View of Historical Succession of the Joseon Dynasty Based on Cheonsang-Yeolcha-Bunya-Jido" Hanguksaron. Vol. 63: 59-67.
  19. No, Tae-goo. 2015. "The Nine Categories of the Great Rule." Journal of the Korean Society of Body.Mind.Spirit Science 17 (1): 1-25.
  20. Oh, Sang-Hak. 2016. "The Current Discourse on 'Honil gangni yeokdae gukdo jido' and Reassessment of the Map." Guktojirihakhoeji 10 (1): 117-134.
  21. Park, Hyunhee. 2016. "The Rise of Soju: The Transfer of Distillation Technology from 'China' to Korea during the Mongol Period (1206-1368)." Crossroads. 14: 173-204.
  22. Robinson, Kenneth R. 2007. "Choson Korea in the Ryukoku Kangnido." Imago Mundi 59 (2): 177-192.
  23. Synn, Ilhi. 2015. "The Value of Exchange and the Middle Hemisphere Studies." In 2015 Arts and Humanities Conference of the Silk Road, Daegu, 52-76. Center for Silk Road and Central Asia, Keimyung University.
  24. Wei, Yang. 2014. "Admiral Zheng He's Voyages to the West oceans." Asia Education About ASIA Volume 19 (2), Fall: 26-30.
  25. Yarshartar, Ehsan. 1998. "The Persian Presence in the Islamic World." In The Persian Presence in the Islamic World, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian and Georges Sabagh. 4-125. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  26. Yi, Song-mi. 2015. "True-view Landscape in Korean Painting of the Late Joseon Period (17th-20th Century)." Paper presented to the Asia Society Korea, Seoul, September 22, 2015.