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Role of Glutathione Redox System on the T-2 Toxin Tolerance of Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

  • Fernye, Csaba (Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural Environmental Sciences, Szent Istvan University) ;
  • Ancsin, Zsolt (Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural Environmental Sciences, Szent Istvan University) ;
  • Bocsai, Andrea (Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural Environmental Sciences, Szent Istvan University) ;
  • Balogh, Krisztian (Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural Environmental Sciences, Szent Istvan University) ;
  • Mezes, Miklos (Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural Environmental Sciences, Szent Istvan University) ;
  • Erdelyi, Marta (Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural Environmental Sciences, Szent Istvan University)
  • Received : 2018.02.19
  • Accepted : 2018.05.31
  • Published : 2018.07.15

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of different dietary concentrations of T-2 toxin on blood plasma protein content, lipid peroxidation and glutathione redox system of pheasant (Phasianus colchicus). A total of 320 one-day-old female pheasants were randomly assigned to four treatment groups fed with a diet contaminated with different concentrations of T-2 toxin (control, 4 mg/kg, 8 mg/kg and 16 mg/kg). Birds were sacrificed at early (12, 24 and 72 hr) and late (1, 2 and 3 weeks) stages of the experiment to demonstrate the effect of T-2 toxin on lipid peroxidation and glutathione redox status in different tissues. Feed refusal and impaired growth were observed with dose dependent manner. Lipid-peroxidation was not induced in the liver, while the glutathione redox system was activated partly in the liver, but primarily in the blood plasma. Glutathione peroxidase activity has changed parallel with reduced glutathione concentration in all tissues. Based on our results, pheasants seem to have higher tolerance to T-2 toxin than other avian species, and glutathione redox system might contribute in some extent to this higher tolerance, in particular against free-radical mediated oxidative damage of tissues, such as liver.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : European Union, European Social Fund

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