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우리나라 대학생의 미세먼지 관련 지각이 건강행동에 미치는 영향에 대한 탐색: 귀인양식, 관여도, 건강상태지각 및 예방행동의도를 중심으로

Exploration into effect of perception on health behavior regarding particulate matter(PM) among Korean collegians: Centered on attribution styles, involvement, perceived health status, and preventive intention

  • 주지혁 (극동대학교 언론홍보학과)
  • Joo, Ji Hhyuk (Dept. of Journalism & Communication, Far East University)
  • 투고 : 2018.03.28
  • 심사 : 2018.07.20
  • 발행 : 2018.07.28

초록

미세먼지는 국민건강에 치명적이기 때문에 정부 당국은 다양한 정책적 노력을 통해 미세먼지 저감을 위해 노력하고 있다. 국가적 정책의 실효성을 높이기 위해서 미세먼지에 대한 개인의 인식과 위험회피행동을 이해해야 한다. 이러한 견지에서 본 연구는 미세먼지에 대한 관여도, 귀인양식, 및 건강상태지각이 예방행동에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 탐색했다. 우선 우리나라 사람들이 인식하는 미세먼지 발생원인에 대해 '일상생활 귀인', '국내 산업 및 환경 귀인' 및 '중국 산업 및 환경귀인'의 세 가지 귀인양식을 요인분석을 통해 규명하였다. 다음으로 예방행동의도에 영향을 미치는 미세먼지 관련 지각 변인들의 영향력을 밝히기 위해 단계선택방식의 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 회귀분석 최종 모형에서 '관여도(${\beta}=.465$, p<.001)', '중국산업 및 환경 귀인(${\beta}=.222$, p<.001)', '일상생활 귀인(${\beta}=.173$, p<.01)', 및 '국낸 산업 및 환경 귀인(${\beta}=.143$, p<.05)' 순으로 예방행동의도에 영향을 미치고 있었다. 마지막으로 한계점과 후속 연구를 위한 제언을 밝혔다.

키워드

미세먼지;귀인양식;관여도;건강상태지각;예방행동의도

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