# STABLE APPROXIMATION OF THE HEAT FLUX IN AN INVERSE HEAT CONDUCTION PROBLEM

• Alem, Leila (Laboratory of Applied Mathematics Badji Mokhtar University) ;
• Chorfi, Lahcene (Laboratory of Applied Mathematics Badji Mokhtar University)
• Accepted : 2018.03.09
• Published : 2018.07.31
• 213 8

#### Abstract

We consider an ill-posed problem for the heat equation $u_{xx}=u_t$ in the quarter plane {x > 0, t > 0}. We propose a new method to compute the heat flux $h(t)=u_x(1,t)$ from the boundary temperature g(t) = u(1, t). The operator $g{\mapsto}h=Hg$ is unbounded in $L^2({\mathbb{R}})$, so we approximate h(t) by $h_{\delta}(t)=u_x(1+{\delta},\;t)$, ${\delta}{\rightarrow}0$. When noise is present, the data is $g_{\epsilon}$ leading to a corresponding heat $h_{{\delta},{\epsilon}}$. We obtain an estimate of the error ${\parallel}h-h_{{\delta},{\epsilon}}{\parallel}$, as well as the error when $h_{{\delta},{\epsilon}}$ is approximated by the trapezoidal rule. With an a priori choice rule ${\delta}={\delta}({\epsilon})$ and ${\tau}={\tau}({\epsilon})$, the step size of the trapezoidal rule, the main theorem gives the error of the heat flux as a function of noise level ${\epsilon}$. Numerical examples show that the proposed method is effective and stable.

#### Keywords

inverse problems;ill-posed problem;stable approximation;error estimate

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