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간호대학생의 외모만족과 학교생활적응: 자아존중감의 매개효과와 성별의 조절효과

Appearance Satisfaction and School Adjustment in Nursing Students: Mediating Effect of Self-esteem and Moderating Effect of Gender

  • 투고 : 2018.05.03
  • 심사 : 2018.07.13
  • 발행 : 2018.07.28

초록

본 연구는 간호대학생들의 외모만족과 학교생활적응의 관계를 조사하고 자아존중감과 성별의 매개 또는 조절효과 파악을 목적으로 하였다. 본 연구는 서술적 상관관계 연구로서 연구대상자는 D시에 소재한 간호대학에 재학하고 있는 188명의 학생을 대상으로 하였다. 분석결과 외모만족은 학교생활적응에 직접적인 영향을 주었고 자아존중감을 통해 간접적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타나 자아존중감은 외모만족과 학교생활 적응의 관계에서 부분 매개효과가 있었다. 또한 성별은 외모만족과 자아존중감 사이에서 조절효과가 있었으나 외모만족과 학교생활적응, 자아존중감과 학교생활적응 사이에서는 조절효과가 유의하지 않았다. 그리고 여학생이 남학생보다 외모만족이 자아존중감에 미치는 영향이 더 큰 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 간호대학생들의 학교생활적응을 증진하기 위한 전략으로 외모에 대한 긍정적 인식을 증진하고 자아존중감의 강화가 필요함을 의미하며 여학생을 대상으로 특화된 프로그램의 필요성을 제시하고 있다.

키워드

외모만족;학교생활적응;자아존중감;대학생;매개효과

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