- Volume 18 Issue 8
The term "B film" is contrasted to the term "A film" and it has started life since the Great Depression. Film industry had planned the double bills for the audience attraction; double bills means the release of A film and B film. While A's is made to make profits, B's film is made to meet the balance. B film has two features of low budget and low technology. Nevertheless B film has its own style and aesthetics and ironically has made the film more creative and innovative. Historically, it has been related to European and American avant-garde. Robert Florey who is worthy of notice among the early B film makers has adapted and integrated the expressionist and avant-garde styles into the American feature. He also preferred the greater liberty generally afforded "B" directors. Florey has directed Murders in the Rue Morgue and The Florentine Dagger due to the success of his experimental films. Murders in the Rue Morgue shows the style and aesthetics of avant-garde through horror genre and The Florentine Dagger shows the style and aesthetics of avant-garde through thriller genre.
- J. C. Horak, The First American Film Avant-Garde, 1919-1945, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1995.
- J. Sconce, "Trashing the academy: taste, excess, and an emerging politics of cinematic style," Screen, Vol.36, Issue.4, p.381, 1995.
- B. Taves, "The B Film: Hollywood's Other Half," Grand Design: Hollywood As a Modern Business Enterprise 1930-1939, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.
- B. Taves, Robert Florey, the French Expressionist, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1987.
- D. E. James, Allegories of Cinema, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1989.
- L. Jacobs, "Avant-Garde Production in America," Experiment in the Film, London: The Grey Walls Press, 1949.
- D. Miller, "B" Movies, New York: Curtis, 1973.
- M. Jancovich, Rational fears: American horror in the 1950s, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996.