Phenomenological Study about the Converging Experience of Women's Gender Role after Childbirth

출산 후 여성의 융합적인 성역할 경험에 관한 현상학적 연구

  • Lee, Suzy (IACF, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Ki, Chaerin (School of Nursing, Catholic University) ;
  • Shin, Gisoo (Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University)
  • 이수지 (중앙대학교 산학협력단) ;
  • 기채린 (가톨릭대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 신기수 (중앙대학교 적십자간호대학)
  • Received : 2018.07.25
  • Accepted : 2018.09.20
  • Published : 2018.09.28


This study is a qualitative study using phenomenological methods that focus on the meaning of what individuals experience to understand the meaning of the gender role of women after childbirth. The participants of this study are 17 women who gave a birth from 8 weeks of the postpartum period to a year after the birth. Seven categories were derived from the results of analyzing the meaning of the gender roles of participants, and the seven categories are confirmed to be body changes and pain, just making me feel down, the difference between expectation and reality, isolation from husband and social network, thinking about my mother as a woman, the pain of body and mind sublimates, and convergence/dissociation between femininity and motherhood. This study is meaningful in that the results of this study provided information that would have a broader understanding of women's gender role after giving birth.


Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT


  1. S. A. Orshan. (2008). Maternity, newborn, and women's health nursing: comprehensive care across the lifespan. Philadelphis USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;1041-1192
  2. L. Messinger & D. F. Morrow. (2006). Case studies on sexual orientation and gender expression in social work practice. New York: Columbia University Press;85-90.
  3. N. R. Carlson & C. D. Heth. (2009). Psychology: the science of behaviour (4th ed.), Toronto Canada: Pearson;1-720.
  4. H. P. Halpern. (2015). Parents, gender ideology and gendered behavior as predictors of children's gender-role attitudes: A longitudinal exploration. Sex Roles. 74, 527. DOI:10.1007/s11199-015-0539-0
  5. J. Money & P. Tucker. (1975). Sexual signatures: On being a man or a woman. Boston USA: Little;742-744.
  6. S. A. Basow. (1992). Gender: Stereotypes and roles. Belmont USA: Thomson Brooks/Cole Publishing Co:1-447.
  7. S. T. Fiske, A. J. C. Cuddy, P. S. Glick & J. Xu, (2002). J. A model of (often mixed) stereotype content: Competence and warmth respectively follow from perceived status and competition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 82, 878-890
  8. M. Bertrand, E. Kamenica & J. Pan. (2015). Gender identity and relative income within households. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 130, (2), 571-614. DOI:10.1093/qje/qjv001
  9. E. N. Glenn, G. Chang G & l. R. Forcey. (2016). Mothering: Ideology, experience, and agency. New York. London: Routledge;95-210.
  10. R. T. Mercer. (1995). Becoming a mother: Research on maternal identity from Rubin to the present. New York USS: Springer Publishing Compan;1-388.
  11. T. Mapp. (2008). Understanding phenomenology: the lived experience. British Journal of Midwifery. 16, (5), 308-311.
  12. P. F. Colaizzi. (1978). Psychological research as the phenomenologist views it. In Ronald S. Valle & mark King (eds.), Experimental-Phenomenological Alternatives for Psychology. Oxford UK: Oxford University Press;1-6.
  13. E. G. Guba & Y. S. Lincoln. (1994). Competing paradigms in qualitative research. Handbook of qualitative research. 2, 163-194.
  14. J. W. Yang & I. S. Jung. (2018). Convergence effect of spouse's support on postpartum depression and self-efficacy in primipara. Journal of the Korean Convergence Society. 9, (1), 171-180. DOI:10.15207/JKCS.2018.9.1.171
  15. S. C. Choi, J. Y. Kim & K. B. Kim. (2001). Analysis of "Adjumma" as a psychological construct in Korean culture. Korean Journal of Psychology. 20, (2), 327-347.
  16. K. S. Kim. (2018). The aspect of extension and use of kinship terms of address-in the center of uncle, aunt. Korean Journal of Linguistics. 43, (1), 1-20. DOI:10.18855/lisoko.2018.43.1.001
  17. A. L. Erickson. (2014). Mistresses and marriage: or, a short history of the Mrs. In History Workshop Journal. 78, (1), 39-57. DOI:10.1093/hwj/dbt002
  18. S. Y. Son. (2014). A research on female role image from a female perspective-focusing on TV commercial cases. Journal of Korea Society of Visual Design Forum. 44, 231-241.
  19. E. E. LeMasters. (1957). Parenthood as crisis. Marriage and family living. 19, (4), 352-355.
  20. B. D. Doss & G. K. Rhoades. (2017). The transition to parenthood: Impact on couples' romantic relationships. Current Opinion in Psychology. 13, 25-28. DOI:10.1016/j.copsyc.2016.04.003
  21. M. Myrskyla & R. Margolis. (2014). Happiness: Before and after the kids. Demography. 51, (5), 1843-1866. DOI:10.1007/s13524-014-0321-x
  22. E. S. Kluwer. (2010). From partnership to parenthood: A review of marital change across the transition to parenthood. Journal of Family Theory & Review. 2, (2), 105-125.
  23. J. E. Stets & P. J. Burke. (2000). Identity theory and social identity theory. Social psychology quarterly. 63, (3), 224-237 .DOI:10.2307/2695870
  24. D. H. J. Morgan. (2014). Social theory and the Family (RLE Social Theory). Routledge.
  25. S. H. Lee. (2011). Korean women's conceptualization of motherhood: A comparative analysis through oral life histories. Issues in Feminism. 4, 59-99.
  26. H. H. Jung. (2011). Women of Korean society. Feminism Theory. 25, 233-240.
  27. G. W. Bonham. (2017). Women, wives, mothers: Values and options. New York. London: Routledge;17-30.
  28. J. Y. Lee & H. Y. Kim. (2018). Development of mobile appication on breastfeeding convergence education program for high risk mothers. Journal of the Korean Convergence Society. 9, (1), 357-364. DOI:10.15207/JKCS.2018.9.6.357
  29. J. E. Crowley. (2014). Staying at home or working for pay? Attachment to modern mothering identities. Sociological Spectrum. 34, (2), 114-135. DOI:10.1080/02732173.2014.878605
  30. C. B. Kim & K. S. Kim. (2017). The of phenomenological methodology of mothers of children with atopic dermatitis: Focus on the experience of family management style. Journal of the Korean Convergence Society. 9, (1), 257-271. DOI:10.15207.JKCS.2017.8.10.257