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Research on Liquefaction Characteristics of SF6 Substitute Gases

  • Yuan, Zhikang (State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University) ;
  • Tu, Youping (State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University) ;
  • Wang, Cong (State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University) ;
  • Qin, Sichen (State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University) ;
  • Chen, Geng (State Key Laboratory of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University)
  • Received : 2018.01.10
  • Accepted : 2018.03.27
  • Published : 2018.11.01

Abstract

$SF_6$ has been widely used in high voltage power equipment, such as gas insulated switchgear (GIS) and gas insulated transmission line (GIL), because of its excellent insulation and arc extinguishing performance. However, $SF_6$ faces two environmental problems: greenhouse effect and high liquefaction temperature. Therefore, to find the $SF_6$ substitute gases has become a research hotspot in recent years. In this paper, the liquefaction characteristics of $SF_6$ substitute gases were studied. Peng-Robinson equation of state with the van der Waals mixing rule (PR-vdW model) was used to calculate the dew point temperature of the binary gas mixtures, with $SF_6$, $C_3F_8$, $c-C_4F_8$, $CF_3I$ or $C_4F_7N$ as the insulating gas and $N_2$ or $CO_2$ as the buffer gas. The sequence of the dew point temperatures of the binary gas mixtures under the same pressure and composition ratio was obtained. $SF_6/N_2$ < $SF_6/CO_2$ < $C_3F_8/N_2$ < $C_3F_8/CO_2$ < $CF_3I/N_2$ < $CF_3I/CO_2$ < $c-C_4F_8/N_2$ < $C_4F_7N/N_2$ < $c-C_4F_8/CO_2$ < $C_4F_7N/CO_2$. $SF_6/N_2$ gas mixture showed the best temperature adaptability and $C_4F_7N/CO_2$ gas mixture showed the worst temperature adaptability. Furthermore, the dew point temperatures of the $SF_6$ substitute gases at different pressures and the upper limits of the insulating gas mole fraction at $-30^{\circ}C$, $-20^{\circ}C$ and $-10^{\circ}C$ were obtained. The results would supply sufficient data support for GIS/GIL operators and researchers.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Central Universities

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