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DOI QR Code

Health effects of particulate matter

미세먼지의 건강영향

  • Bae, Sanghyuk (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Hong, Yun-Chul (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • 배상혁 (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 홍윤철 (서울대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2018.11.29
  • Accepted : 2018.12.13
  • Published : 2018.12.20

Abstract

Particulate matter is an air pollutant emitted from both natural and anthropogenic sources, and its adverse health effects have been well documented in time-series analyses and cohort studies. The effect size of particulate matter exposure-a roughly 0.5% increase in mortality for each $10{\mu}g/m^3$ increment of short-term exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ${\leq}10{\mu}m$ and approximately a 10% increase for each $10{\mu}g/m^3$ increment of long-term exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ${\leq}2.5{\mu}m$-is small compared to other risk factors, but the exposure is involuntary and affects the entire population, which makes particulate matter pollution an important public health issue. The World Health Organization and Korean government have both established guidelines for particulate matter concentrations, but the Korean guideline is less stringent than that of the World Health Organization. The annual mean concentration of particulate matter in Korea is decreasing, but the trend seems to be slowing. In addition to policy efforts to reduce particulate matter emission, personal approaches such as the use of face masks and air purifiers have been recommended. Personal approaches may not solve the fundamental problem, but can provide temporary mitigation until efforts to reduce emission make progress.

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