Structural Relations of Interpersonal Relationships, Life Satisfaction and Depression among People Living Alone

일인가구의 대인관계와 삶의 만족 및 우울의 구조적 관계

  • 이현민 (서울시립대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 김욱진 (서울시립대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2018.07.31
  • Accepted : 2018.09.09
  • Published : 2018.09.30


To form a foundation of basic materials to contribute in improved mental health of one-person households, the purpose of this study is to investigate the association of interpersonal relationships and depression and to identify indirect effect of satisfaction with life. To this end, the study used structural equation modeling, employing data from the 2012 Korean General Social Survey(KGSS), a nationally representative survey and targeted 300 living alone people who is older than 20 years old. The findings are as follows: First, the quality of interpersonal relationships has a negative effect on depression and can relieve depression. It also revealed that one-person households are not isolated from relationships and they utilize not only kin relational resources but non-kin resources while forming a positive relationships. Second, the quality of interpersonal relationships effects one's life satisfaction which ultimately has an effect on depression. It verifies that, within interpersonal relationship and depression, there are indirect effect resulting from satisfaction with life. Based on the result of current study, practical intervention programs to improve life satisfaction and prevent depression were suggested.