A Study of the participation experiences of the Self-Sufficiency Program : Focusing on participants in Self-Sufficiency Program

자활사업 참여경험에 관한 연구 : 자활사업 참여자를 중심으로

  • 김자옥 (서울시자원봉사센터) ;
  • 유태균 (숭실대학교 사회복지학부)
  • Received : 2018.03.14
  • Accepted : 2018.04.23
  • Published : 2018.06.30


The purpose of this study was to understand how participants' experiences of participating in self-sufficiency projects were. To do this, we analyzed phenomenological methods using in-depth interview data of 48 participants from the Central Self-Sufficiency Foundation, which is qualitative data of the "Project for Strengthening Self-Support for the Working Poor". The study revealed 214 meaningful statements and general re-statements, 24 themes, 9 themes cluster, and 5 categories. Participants' experience was found to be forced work, felt alienated from the self-sufficiency business, and could not receive a clear vision for the future. At the same time, the experience of participating is an opportunity for motivation for change in one's own life, and the essence of becoming a stepping stone to move forward for self-reliance has been derived. Based on the results of this study, we proposed a practical policy task to create a positive expectation effect.