- Volume 7 Issue 4
DOI QR Code
Islamic Perspective on Students Wearing a Burqa at Universities in Indonesia: Results from a Survey at Three Universities
- Hanafiah, Muhammad (Antasari State Islamic University) ;
- Hafidzi, Anwar (Antasari State Islamic University) ;
- Nadhiroh, Wardatun (Antasari State Islamic University) ;
- Assyauqi, Moh. Iqbal (Antasari State Islamic University) ;
- Abidin, Muhammad Zainal (Antasari State Islamic University) ;
- Kurdi, Musyarrafah Sulaiman (Antasari State Islamic University) ;
- Andini, Yokke (Antasari State Islamic University)
- Received : 2019.10.29
- Accepted : 2019.11.27
- Published : 2019.11.30
Burqa or in Arabic An-Niqab is used to cover the entire face of a woman, except the two eyes. The burqa is not obligatory according to Syafi'i madzhab, which is followed by the majority of Indonesian Muslims. In this study, researchers used a survey to develop an understanding of veiled female students' attitudes about themselves, their experience wearing a burqa, interactions with peers, and their perception of how other members of their academic community perceive them. The survey used Likert-type items. The sample in this study was 100 students from three general universities in South Kalimantan: Antasari State Islamic University, Rasyidiyah Khalidiyah Islamic College, and College of Quranic Sciences. The key findings include that 58.2% indicated a willingness to form associations with any women; 17.7% said they were happy associating only with the veiled community. A total of 13.9% said that sometimes they were told to take off their burqa when they were in the classroom. While most said they were never bullied on campus (67.1%), 19% said they were often bullied. Most (78.5%) said that they were given freedom even though there was a suggestion to open their faces when education and learning were taking place.
- Allabadi, F. (2008). Controversy: Secular and Islamist women in Palestinian society. European Journal of Women's Studies, 15(3), 181-201. https://doi.org/10.1177/1350506808091503
- Bahramitash, R., Sadegh, A., & Sattari, N. (2018). Islamist, Islamic and Muslim women. In Low-Income Islamist Women and Social Economy in Iran (pp. 35-48). Springer.
- Batum, D. (2016). Perceptions of work by pious Muslim students: A comparison between the Netherlands and Turkey. Journal of Gender Studies, 25(6), 641-654. https://doi.org/10.1080/09589236.2015.1087307
- Braun, K. (2017). How much veil is too much veil: On the constitutionality and advisability of face veil bans for German public school students. German Law Journal, 18(6), 1331-1358. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2071832200022367
- Brown, K. E., & Saeed, T. (2015). Radicalization and counter-radicalization at British universities: Muslim encounters and alternatives. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 38(11), 1952-1968. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2014.911343
- Coulson, N. (2017). A history of Islamic law. New York, NY: Routledge.
- Dabbous-Sensenig, D. (2006). To veil or not to veil: Gender and religion on Al-Jazeera's Islamic law and life. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture, 3(2), 60-65. http://doi.org/10.16997/wpcc.31 https://doi.org/10.16997/wpcc.31
- Fournier, P. (2013). Headscarf and burqa controversies at the crossroad of politics, society and law. Social Identities, 19(6), 689-703. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13504630.2013.842669 https://doi.org/10.1080/13504630.2013.842669
- Hussain, N. (2019). Hijab and social anxiety: Perceptions of university students from Pakistan. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 27(2).
- Jahangir, S., & Manzoor, A. (2017). Socio-economic impact and status of the Islamic perspective of veil. Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies, 14, 161-179.
- Koo, G. Y., & Han, H. E. (2018). To veil or not to veil: Turkish and Iranian hijab policies and the struggle for recognition. Asian Journal of Women's Studies, 24(1), 47-70. https://doi.org/10.1080/12259276.2018.1427663
- Latuszynska, M., Wawrzyniak, A., Wasikowska, B., & Furaji, F. (2013). Study on the influence of advertising attractiveness on the purchase decisions of women and men. Journal of International Studies, 6(2), 20-32. doi: 10.14254/2071-8330.2013/6-2/2 https://doi.org/10.14254/2071-8330.2013/6-2/2
- Leibold, J., & Grose, T. (2016). Islamic veiling in Xinjiang: The political and societal struggle to define Uyghur female adornment. The China Journal, 76(1), 78-102. https://doi.org/10.1086/683283
- Leyerzapf, H., Rifi, H., Abma, T. A., & Verdonk, P. (2016). Veiled ambitions: Female Muslim medical students and their different experiences in medical education. Unsettling the Self-Other Binary: Cultural Diversity in Dutch Academic Health Care, 63.
- Mechoulan, S. (2018). The case against the face-veil: A European perspective. International Journal of Constitutional Law, 16(4), 1267-1292. https://doi.org/10.1093/icon/moy099
- Mozaffari, M. (2007). What is Islamism? History and definition of a concept. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, 8(1), 17-33. https://doi.org/10.1080/14690760601121622
- Parashar, S. (2010). The Sacred and the sacrilegious: Exploring women's 'politics' and 'agency' in radical religious movements in South Asia. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, 11(3-4), 435-455. https://doi.org/10.1080/14690764.2010.546117
- Strabac, Z., Aalberg, T., Jenssen, A. T., & Valenta, M. (2016). Wearing the veil: Hijab, Islam and job qualifications as determinants of social attitudes towards immigrant women in Norway. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 39(15), 2665-2682. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2016.1164878
- Zimmerman, D. D. (2015). Young Arab Muslim women's agency challenging Western feminism. Affilia, 30(2), 145-157. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886109914546126