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Knowledge, Attitude and Health Behaviors Related to Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Postmenopausal Women Workers

폐경기 여성 근로자의 심뇌혈관질환 예방 관련 지식, 태도 및 건강행위에 관한 융합 연구

Choi, Jun Young;Choi, So Young
최준영;최소영

  • Received : 2018.12.26
  • Accepted : 2019.02.20
  • Published : 2019.02.28

Abstract

This study was conducted from November 1, 2017 to November 30, 2017 in 268 women in late postmenopausal period in D and S shipyards located in G city. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the risk factors of cerebrovascular disease according to the presence or absence of risk factors of cerebrovascular disease. The subjects were divided into two groups according to their general characteristics, cerebrovascular disease prevention knowledge, attitude and health behavior. The variables that had statistically significant difference in health group and risk group were age (F=92.239, p<.001), cohabitation type ($x^2=20.056$, p<.001), income level ($x^2=39.023$, p<.001), the number of working hours per week (F=32.217, p<.001), the number of working years (F=12.310, p=.001), family history of cardiovascular disease ($x^2=233.442$, p<.001), subjective health status($x^2=19.058$, p=.001). There was a significant difference between the two groups in the degree of knowledge related to prevention of cardiovascular disease (F=2.679, p=.008) and health behavior fulfillment (F=4.339, p<.001). (r=.348, p<.001), the risk group had a higher knowledge (r=.279, p=.002), and the other group Attitude (r=.194, p=.030) showed a statistically significant correlation. Based on this, it is necessary to develop and apply an intervention program considering the characteristics of vulnerable group of cerebrovascular disease.

Keywords

Menopause;Female;Cardiovascular disease;Cerebrovascular disease;Workers