Policy Directions and Challenges for Revitalizing of Small School in Local Community

지역사회 소규모학교 살리기 정책 방향과 해결 과제

Cho, Kum-Ju

  • Received : 2019.01.03
  • Accepted : 2019.02.11
  • Published : 2019.02.28


With the low birth rate and the inner city decline, the number of small schools is expected to increase. In this trend, the Ministry of Education has consistently used the number of students as a standard for the merger and abolition of schools since 1982, but it seems that has generated a vicious circle of education in rural areas and also it did not reflect realistic requirements and changes in the times although it is efficiency of local education finances. With the number of students constantly decreasing, it has a high probability to make villages without schools in urban areas if decisions are made by the number of students. In this sense, it is suggested that regional contexts and socioeconomic environment should be taken into account rather than to conduct the merger and abolition of small schools with economic logic. It is necessary to change the direction of improving the quality of education through the operation of small schools for coexistence of schools and villages and a cultivating the manpower needed in the 21st century knowledge information society and the 4th industrial revolution era. Therefore, we tried to find tasks for expanding small schools of the local community and developing small schools suitable for future social change.


Small School;Merger and Abolition of Small Schools;Optimal School Size;Community based Learning