An Analysis on Efficiency and Influencing Factors of the Quasi-Public Bus Operating System in Busan Metropolitan City Using DEA

DEA를 활용한 부산광역시 준공영제 시내버스 운용 효율성 평가 연구

Seong, Woo-Yong;Kang, Jae-Ho

  • Received : 2018.11.26
  • Accepted : 2019.01.18
  • Published : 2019.02.28


This paper empirically analyzed the factors of operational efficiency after the quasi-public bus operating system in Busan Metropolitan City. DEA analysis result, for CRS the annual efficiency in 2010 of bus routes that can be transferred to subway lines 1 was the highest. The annual efficiency of bus routes that can be transferred to subway lines 2 shows the largest annual average of 0.923 in 2016 under the CRS average gradually improved over the year. Annual efficiency of subway lines No. 3 and transferable bus routes gradually improved from 2009 to 2015, but declined again in 2016. Among 536 routes for four years on 134 routes per year, 205 routes were found to be inefficient. In order to increase efficiency of the 205 routes, it is suggested that the number of routes should be reduced. In addition, the analysis results on DEA using the Tobit calibration, the most significant factors affecting the operational efficiency index were the time taken, followed by the number of passengers and the number of passengers transferred.


Quasi-Public Bus Operating System;Efficiency Analysis;DEA;Tobit Regression Analysis


Supported by : 부산대학교