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Death Anxiety and Quality of Life for the Elderly Living Alone

독거노인의 죽음불안과 삶의 질

Lee, Eunsuk
이은숙

  • Received : 2019.01.14
  • Accepted : 2019.02.13
  • Published : 2019.02.28

Abstract

Purpose: This descriptive study was to examine death anxiety and quality of life for the elderly living alone. Methods: The participants were 289 elderly who were living alone in D metropolitan city. Data were analyzed with number, percentage, mean(SD), Pearson's correlation, t-test, ANOVA, multiple regression analysis using SPSS/Win 25.0. Results: The participants' death anxiety was 66.85 and quality of life was 58.21. Death anxiety was significantly different by age(F=153.240, p<.001), gender(t=-4.615, p<.001), education(F=263.559, p<.001), current occupation(F=46.324, p<.001), religion(F=693.729, p<.001), relationship with children(F=178.506, p<.001), reasons living alone(F=21.143, p<.001), perceived health status(F=113.300, p<.001), perceived socioeconomic status(F=45.829, p<.001), barriers to managing health problems(F=49.706, p<.001). There was a significant negative correlation between participants' death anxiety and quality of life(r=-.87, p<.001). Conclusion: The results of the study will be used to develop nursing intervention protocol and social support programs for the elderly living alone in the community.

Keywords

Elderly Living Alone;Death Anxiety;Quality of Life