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Issues and Challenges of Dental Hygienist Workforce Policy in Korea

우리나라 치과위생사 인력정책 현황 및 과제

Lee, Hyo-Jin;Shin, Sun-Jung;Bae, Soo-Myoung;Shin, Bo-Mi
이효진;신선정;배수명;신보미

  • Received : 2018.12.03
  • Accepted : 2019.01.08
  • Published : 2019.02.28

Abstract

The purposes of this study was to confirm the current issues of workforce policy of dental auxiliary personnel in Korea. The literature review and data collection were conducted in terms of the auxiliary personnel supply, regional distribution, legal works, working environment. Despite the rapid increase in the number of dental hygienists, the number of active dental hygienists is less than half of the total, and the dental clinics still experience the shortage. Considering the dental hygienist's work, the available dental auxiliary personnel for the dental assistance is limited. The proportion of dental hygienists is concentrated in large cities, and the ratio of dental clinics composed of only dental hygienists is high. Thus, it is essential to look for a plan to solve the disparity. The criterion for judging the legality of the works is ambiguous because a large portion of dental hygienist's work is not specified in the Medical Technicians Act. The job life is also shortened, and occupational profession and satisfaction are lowered. Thus, job burnout is accelerating. The difference between the legal works and the practiced works of dental hygienist and the conflict between the personnel might be due to the lack of utilization plans for the dental personnel at the government level. Therefore, the government should establish the roles of dental hygienist in accordance with the demands of the dental health service, institutionalize the necessary policies accordingly, and make efforts to establish plans to improve the relevant laws and utilize the manpower appropriately.

Keywords

Workforce Policy;Dental Auxiliary Personnel;Dental Hygienist

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