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Factors Affecting Treatment Adherence of Kidney Transplantation Recipients

신장이식 환자의 치료지시이행에 영향을 미치는 요인

Lee, Jung A;Kim, Young A;Cho Chung, Hyang-In
이정아;김영아;정향인

  • Received : 2019.01.02
  • Accepted : 2019.02.01
  • Published : 2019.02.28

Abstract

This study is an explanatory research conducted to analyze the influencing factors of treatment adherence in kidney transplant recipients. The subjects were 132 renal transplant recipients who visited the outpatient department in a university hospital. Data were collected from July 17, 2017, to August 22, 2017, and analyzed using SPSS WIN 24.0. Frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation, variance analysis, correlation, and regression analysis were performed. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference in the treatment adherence based on the age, religion, and the time passed since kidney transplantation. The study also found that the treatment adherence had significant positive correlations with social support (r=.54, p<.001), family support (r=.43, p<.001), health provider's support (r=.57, p<.001), and self-care knowledge (r=.21, p=.015). The factors influencing the treatment adherence were health provider's support, the time passed since kidney transplantation, spouse, and religion. The final explanatory power of the model was 41.9%. In conclusion, intervention strategies should be introduced to promote the support of healthcare providers in order to improve the adherence of the kidney transplantation patients.

Keywords

Kidney Transplantation;Recipient;Social Support;Treatment Adherence